Taxonomy: Bacteria; Firmicutes; Mollicutes; Mycoplasmataceae;

Mycoplasma

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Mycoplasma

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Genus

a. Mycoplasma

i. Taxonomy ID: 2093

ii. Description:

Mycoplasma is one of several genera within the Mollicutes, a class of bacteria that have small genomes, lack a cell wall, and have low GC-content. Their genome size ranges from 0.6 - 1.35 megabase-pairs. Mollicutes are parasites or commensals of humans, other animals including insects, and plants; the genus Mycoplasmas, by definition, are restricted to vertebrate hosts. Because Mycoplasmas lack cell walls, they are unaffected by most antibiotics such as penicillin that target cell wall synthesis. They can be parasitic or saprophytic. Several species are pathogenic in humans, including M. pneumoniae, which is an important cause of pneumonia and other respiratory disorders, and M. genitalium, which is believed to be involved in pelvic inflammatory diseases. They may cause or contribute to some cancers.

iii. Variants

Mycoplasma genitalium G-37
Taxonomy ID: 243273

Mycoplasma penetrans HF-2
Taxonomy ID: 272633

Mycoplasma pneumoniae M129
Taxonomy ID: 272634

II. References

1. Fraser, C. M., J. D. Gocayne, O. White, M. D. Adams, R. A. Clayton, R. D. Fleischmann, C. J. Bult, A. R. Kerlavage, G. Sutton, J. M. Kelley, and a. et. 1995. The minimal gene complement of Mycoplasma genitalium. Science 270:397-403.

2. Maniloff, J. 2002. Phylogeny and Evolution, p. 31-44. In Razin, S., and R. Herrmann (eds.), Molecular Biology and Pathogenicity of Mycoplasmas, Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York.

3. Tsai S, Wear D.J., Shih J.W., Lo, S.C. 1995. Mycoplasmas and oncogenesis: persistent infection and multistage malignant transformation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 92(22):10197-201

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Mycoplasma - Google News

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Bacterial pathogens outwit host immune defences via stealth ... - Medical Xpress


Medical Xpress

Bacterial pathogens outwit host immune defences via stealth ...
Medical Xpress
Despite their relatively small genome in comparison to other bacteria, mycoplasmas can cause persistent and often difficult-to-treat infections in humans and ...

and more »

World Mycoplasma Diagnostics Market 2017-2021 - Emerging ... - Business Wire (press release)


World Mycoplasma Diagnostics Market 2017-2021 - Emerging ...
Business Wire (press release)
The "2017-2021 World Mycoplasma Diagnostics Market: Emerging Opportunities and Growth Strategies" report has been added to Research and Mark.

and more »

Study shows that reducing the number of strains of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae reduces lung lesions - ThePigSite.com


Study shows that reducing the number of strains of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae reduces lung lesions
ThePigSite.com
The importance of diversity of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) strains is not yet fully known. This study investigated the genetic diversity of M. hyopneumoniae strains in ten pig herds, and assessed associations between the presence of ...

Mycoplasma bovis could be linked with highly mechanised farming ... - New Zealand Herald


Mycoplasma bovis could be linked with highly mechanised farming ...
New Zealand Herald
There seems to be a link between highly mechanised dairy farming and the cattle disease Mycoplasma bovis, Ministry for Primary Industries technical liaison ...

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4000 cattle in NZ with Mycoplasma bovis to be slaughtered ... - The Australian Dairyfarmer


The Australian Dairyfarmer

4000 cattle in NZ with Mycoplasma bovis to be slaughtered ...
The Australian Dairyfarmer
About 4000 cattle in New Zealand worth up to $8 million will be slaughtered to halt the spread of the cattle disease Mycoplasma bovis.
4,000 cattle in New Zealand to be culled to contain Mycoplasma ...Asia Food Journal (press release)

all 2 news articles »

Mycoplasma bovis contained within South Canterbury, MPI says ... - Stuff.co.nz


Stuff.co.nz

Mycoplasma bovis contained within South Canterbury, MPI says ...
Stuff.co.nz
The Ministry for Primary Industries is confident Mycoplasma bovis is contained within South Canterbury.

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MPI to slaughter 4000 cattle to stop spread of disease Mycoplasma ... - Stuff.co.nz


Stuff.co.nz

We're One Step Closer to Understanding The Inner Workings of Bacteria's Complicated Proteins - ScienceAlert


We're One Step Closer to Understanding The Inner Workings of Bacteria's Complicated Proteins
ScienceAlert
The second research team also looked into multi-functional proteins, and found that a bacterium called Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae had the ability to cleave a number of proteins, which then could enter and infect a host more easily. They looked at 164 ...

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Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae: 'Fix the gilts, fix Mycoplasma' - ThePigSite.com


Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae: 'Fix the gilts, fix Mycoplasma'
ThePigSite.com
There's a lot we think we know about Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyo) under field conditions, but there's a paucity of peer-reviewed literature to support much of the conventional wisdom we swine veterinarians apply to the management of M. hyo as well ...

Cows slaughtered after Mycoplasma bovis outbreak will be ... - New Zealand Herald


Newshub

Cows slaughtered after Mycoplasma bovis outbreak will be ...
New Zealand Herald
A Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) spokeswoman says the 4000 cows on the farms affected by the bacterial disease Mycoplasma bovis will go to the works for ...
Anxious wait for unaffected farmers over mycoplasma bovis diseaseNewshub
MPI to assess Mycoplasma bovis compensation claims - Newstalk ZBNewstalk ZB
4,000 NZ cattle to be culled in an effort to contain contagious ...Agriland
TVNZ -Radio New Zealand
all 9 news articles »

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Mycoplasma genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum ATCC 27343 1,010,023 832 363(41.8%) 288(33.1%) 5(0.6%) 213(24.5%) 159 72
Mycoplasma gallisepticum R 996,422 726 344(44.7%) 224(29.1%) 3(0.4%) 198(25.7%) 151 43
Mycoplasma genitalium G-37 580,074 484 308(58.8%) 135(25.8%) 1(0.2%) 80(15.3%) 132 43
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae 232 892,758 694 310(42.5%) 174(23.9%) 3(0.4%) 242(33.2%) 137 37
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae 7448 920,079 663 306(43.8%) 178(25.5%) 3(0.4%) 211(30.2%) 137 37
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae J 897,405 665 303(43.3%) 185(26.5%) 3(0.4%) 208(29.8%) 138 36
Mycoplasma mobile 163K 777,079 633 311(47.3%) 312(47.4%) 4(0.6%) 31(4.7%) 144 36
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC str. PG1 1,211,703 1,021 397(37.3%) 377(35.5%) 2(0.2%) 287(27.0%) 162 45
Mycoplasma penetrans HF-2 1,358,633 1,039 368(34.1%) 436(40.4%) 9(0.8%) 267(24.7%) 158 34
Mycoplasma pneumoniae M129 816,394 689 324(44.3%) 191(26.1%) 2(0.3%) 215(29.4%) 143 43
Mycoplasma pulmonis UAB CTIP 963,879 782 350(42.6%) 239(29.1%) 2(0.2%) 231(28.1%) 138 37
Mycoplasma synoviae 53 799,476 672 343(48.0%) 209(29.2%) 3(0.4%) 160(22.4%) 144 45
Topic revision: r5 - 16 May 2008 - 06:03:14 - TWiki Guest
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.