Taxonomy: Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Staphylococcaceae;

Staphylococcus

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Staphylococcus aureus

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. Staphylococcus aureus

i. Taxonomy ID: 1280

ii. Description:

Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive pathogen that causes a wide range of diseases, and is becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics (1). These resistant bacteria are called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA. S. aureus is responsible for a variety of ailments, including carbuncles, food poisoning, wound and medical device-related infections, bacteremia, necrotizing pneumonia, and endocarditis (2). S. aureus forms a fairly large yellow colony on rich medium and is hemolytic on blood agar. Staphylococci are facultative anaerobes that ferment glucose to lactate. The bacteria are catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. S. aureus can grow at a temperature range of 15 to 45 degrees and at NaCl concentrations as high as 15 percent. Almost all strains of S. aureus produce the enzyme coagulase. S. aureus should always be considered a potential pathogen (3).

To contribute more information, please contact help@nmpdr.org

iii. Variants

Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus
Taxonomy ID: 46170

Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus COL
Taxonomy ID: 93062
Parent: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus

Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus MRSA252
Taxonomy ID: 282458
Parent: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus

Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus MSSA476
Taxonomy ID: 282459
Parent: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus

Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus MW2
Taxonomy ID: 196620

Parent: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus

Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus Mu50
Taxonomy ID: 158878
Parent: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus

Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus N315
Taxonomy ID: 158879
Parent: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. (To contribute to this description of the infection cycle, please contact help@nmpdr.org)

a. Shape:

Cocci 0.5-1.0 μm in diameter. Cells occur singly or in pairs. Division is in two planes, giving rise to clusters. Colonies are smooth, raised, glistening, circular, entire and translucent. Single colonies may obtain a size of 6-8 mm in diameter (4).

b. Picture:

SEM of Staphylococcus aureus
SEM of numerous clumps of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, commonly referred to by the acronym, MRSA (magnified 9560x), by Janice Carr, CDC

C. Genome Summary

1. Genome of Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus COL

a. Chromosome

i. Genbank Accession Number: NC_002951
ii. Size: 2,809,422 bp
iii. S. aureus COL is an early methicillin-resistant isolate (5).

b. Plasmid pT181

i. Genbank Accession Number: NC_006629
ii. Size: 4,440 bp



II. References

1.  Sanger Institute

2.  Holden MT, Feil EJ, Lindsay JA, Peacock SJ, Day NP, Enright MC, Foster TJ, Moore CE, Hurst L, Atkin R, Barron A, Bason N, Bentley SD, Chillingworth C, Chillingworth T, Churcher C, Clark L, Corton C, Cronin A, Doggett J, Dowd L, Feltwell T, Hance Z, Harris B, Hauser H, Holroyd S, Jagels K, James KD, Lennard N, Line A, Mayes R, Moule S, Mungall K, Ormond D, Quail MA, Rabbinowitsch E, Rutherford K, Sanders M, Sharp S, Simmonds M, Stevens K, Whitehead S, Barrell BG, Spratt BG, Parkhill J. (2004) Complete genomes of two clinical Staphylococcus aureus strains: evidence for the rapid evolution of virulence and drug resistance. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 101: 9786-91.

3.   http://textbookofbacteriology.net/staph.html


4.   Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th edition. John G. Holt, Noel R. Krieg, Peter H.A. Sneath, James T. Staley, and Stanley T. Williams, editors. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1994, pp. 518.

5.   Gill SR, Fouts DE, Archer GL, Mongodin EF, Deboy RT, Ravel J, Paulsen IT, Kolonay JF, Brinkac L, Beanan M, Dodson RJ, Daugherty SC, Madupu R, Angiuoli SV, Durkin AS, Haft DH, Vamathevan J, Khouri H, Utterback T, Lee C, Dimitrov G, Jiang L, Qin H, Weidman J, Tran K, Kang K, Hance IR, Nelson KE, and Fraser CM. (2005) Insights on evolution of virulence and resistance from the complete genome analysis of an early methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain and a biofilm-producing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis strain. J. Bacteriol. 187: 2426-2438.

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Staphylococcus - Google News

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Staphylococcus aureus toxin found in Montgomery daycare illness investigation - whnt.com


whnt.com

Staphylococcus aureus toxin found in Montgomery daycare illness investigation
whnt.com
MONTGOMERY, Ala. The Alabama Department of Public health continues its investigation into an illness that has sent 86 children to the hospital. Clinical laboratories found Staphylococcus aureus toxin in several food products served at both locations ...
Staphylococcus aureus linked to more than 80 sick at Alabama day caregulflive.com
86 children likely sickened by contaminated lunch foods at Montgomery daycare ...AL.com
Update: 86 Children Sickened in Alabama Outbreak, Staph Found in Daycare ...Food Safety News
KSL.com
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Staphylococcus aureus Cause of 86 Children Sickened at Alabama Day Care - Food Poison Journal


Staphylococcus aureus Cause of 86 Children Sickened at Alabama Day Care
Food Poison Journal
The Alabama Department of Public Health Bureau of Clinical Laboratories has confirmed that the same Staphylococcus aureus toxin-producing bacteria that grew from several food products served at a Montgomery child care center matches the bacteria from ...
Health dept. confirms staph caused sickness at day careTuscaloosa News (subscription)
ADPH: Bacteria found in Montgomery daycare food products matches clinical ...WSFA

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Clinical outcomes associated with Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas ... - 7thSpace Interactive (press release)


Clinical outcomes associated with Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas ...
7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is the most prevalent organism infecting the respiratory tract of CF children, and remains the second most prevalent organism in CF adults. During early childhood, SA infections are associated with pulmonary inflammation and ...

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Saputo recalling French Roquefort cheese over Staphylococcus contamination ... - DairyReporter.com


DairyReporter.com

Saputo recalling French Roquefort cheese over Staphylococcus contamination ...
DairyReporter.com
In a Food Recall Warning issued yesterday, the CFIA warned consumers that food contaminated with the toxin produced by Staphylococcus bacteria may show no signs of being tainted. Food contaminated with Staphylococcus toxin may not look or smell ...
Papillon Roquefort Cheese Recalled in Canada for StaphylococcusFood Poisoning Bulletin
Saputo Inc.: Health Hazard Alert-Papillon Brand Roquefort Cheese Recalled ...MarketWatch
Papillon brand Roquefort cheese recalled over toxin concernsCBC.ca
SooToday.com
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Staphylococcus Aureus Toxin Linked to 86 Children Ill at Alabama Day Care - Food Poison Journal


Food Poison Journal

Staphylococcus Aureus Toxin Linked to 86 Children Ill at Alabama Day Care
Food Poison Journal
staphylococcus-aureus The Alabama Department of Public Health Bureau of Clinical Laboratories has found Staphylococcus aureus toxin in several food products served at both locations of the Sunnyside Child Care Center in Montgomery. Eighty-six ...
Staphylococcus Aureus Found in Food Served at Sunnyside Child Care CenterFood Poisoning Bulletin
Staph aureus food poisoning linked to Sunnyside Child Care Center outbreak ...Outbreak News Today
ADPH: Staph toxins found in food at day care where 86 kids sickenedWSFA
WTVM
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Updated Food Recall Warning - Papillon brand Roquefort cheese recalled due ... - Canadian Food Inspection Agency (press release)


KelownaNow

Updated Food Recall Warning - Papillon brand Roquefort cheese recalled due ...
Canadian Food Inspection Agency (press release)
Industry is recalling Papillon brand Roquefort Cheese from the marketplace because it may contain the toxin produced by Staphylococcus bacteria. Consumers should not consume the recalled product described below. Consumers who are unsure if they ...
Cheese Recall Expanded for Possible Toxic BacteriaKelownaNow

all 6 news articles »

Research and Markets: Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection ... - Business Wire (press release)


Research and Markets: Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection ...
Business Wire (press release)
This report provides comprehensive information on the therapeutic development for Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection (VRSA), complete with comparative analysis at various stages, therapeutics assessment by drug target, mechanism of ...

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Research report explores the community acquired methicillin-resistant ... - WhaTech


Research report explores the community acquired methicillin-resistant ...
WhaTech
This report provides comprehensive information on the therapeutic development for Community Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Infections, complete with comparative analysis at various stages, therapeutics assessment by drug ...

Research and Markets: Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus Aureus (MSSA ... - Business Wire (press release)


Research and Markets: Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus Aureus (MSSA ...
Business Wire (press release)
Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus Aureus (MSSA) Infections Pipeline Insights provides the in-depth analysis of the pipeline assets across the Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus Aureus (MSSA) Infections. The main objective of this report to ...

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Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection (VRSA) Pipeline Review ... - Medgadget.com (blog)


Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection (VRSA) Pipeline Review ...
Medgadget.com (blog)
This report provides comprehensive information on the therapeutic development for Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection (VRSA), complete with comparative analysis at various stages, therapeutics assessment by drug target, mechanism of ...

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Staphylococcus genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Phenotype Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Staphylococcus aureus RF122 Bovine mastitis 2,742,531 2,523 1213(45.4%) 731(27.4%) 113(4.2%) 615(23.0%) 316 110
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus COL methicillin resistant, hospital acquired (MRSA) 2,813,862 2,622 1247(44.8%) 718(25.8%) 98(3.5%) 722(25.9%) 330 108
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus JH1 vancomycin susceptible, hospital acquired (MRSA) 2,879,577 2,685 1194(43.4%) 779(28.3%) 110(4.0%) 666(24.2%) 314 172
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus JH9 vancomycin nonsusceptible, isogenic to JH1, hospital acquired (MRSA, VISA) 2,862,918 2,675 1202(43.9%) 773(28.2%) 108(3.9%) 657(24.0%) 316 165
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus MRSA252 methicillin resistant, hospital acquired (MRSA) 2,902,619 2,663 1254(45.7%) 756(27.5%) 77(2.8%) 659(24.0%) 338 110
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus MSSA476 methicillin susceptible, community acquired 2,820,454 2,609 1231(45.1%) 763(28.0%) 82(3.0%) 652(23.9%) 335 157
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus MW2 methicillin resistant, community acquired (CA-MRSA) 2,820,462 2,644 1202(43.7%) 790(28.7%) 92(3.3%) 669(24.3%) 337 53
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus Mu3   2,880,168 2,495 1094(43.7%) 768(30.7%) 90(3.6%) 549(22.0%) 296 108
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus Mu50 methicillin and vancomycin resistant, hospital acquired (MRSA, VRSA) 2,903,147 2,771 1293(44.0%) 818(27.9%) 142(4.8%) 683(23.3%) 337 108
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus N315 methicillin resistant, hospital acquired (MRSA) 2,839,469 2,648 1279(45.3%) 814(28.9%) 90(3.2%) 638(22.6%) 340 110
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus NCTC 8325 lab strain 2,821,361 2,895 1222(39.9%) 832(27.1%) 110(3.6%) 901(29.4%) 320 109
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus USA300 methicillin resistant, community acquired (CA-MRSA) 2,917,469 2,607 1223(44.1%) 833(30.1%) 86(3.1%) 629(22.7%) 316 105
Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus str. Newman   2,878,897 2,523 1077(42.6%) 782(30.9%) 71(2.8%) 599(23.7%) 293 109
Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12228   2,564,615 2,472 1147(44.7%) 723(28.2%) 47(1.8%) 647(25.2%) 325 118
Staphylococcus epidermidis RP62A   2,643,840 2,529 1122(42.7%) 678(25.8%) 45(1.7%) 780(29.7%) 316 120
Staphylococcus haemolyticus JCSC1435   2,697,861 2,694 1164(41.8%) 773(27.7%) 53(1.9%) 796(28.6%) 323 111
Staphylococcus saprophyticus subsp. saprophyticus ATCC 15305   2,577,899 2,517 1140(43.7%) 765(29.3%) 42(1.6%) 662(25.4%) 327 122
Topic revision: r6 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:08:12 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.