Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

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With Global Warming, Expect More Deadly Vibrio Cases - Forbes


Forbes

With Global Warming, Expect More Deadly Vibrio Cases
Forbes
The tiny Vibrio bacterium making headlines this past week is far more dangerous than the sharks causing panic along some Florida beaches. You should get to know a bit about Vibrio because, as waters warm globally, we can expect to see far more cases of ...
Global warming will increase cases of the deadly Vibrio bacteriumMedCity News
Florida Dept. of Health warns of bacteria on Gulf Coast beachesgulflive.com

all 3 news articles »

Health Department tracks, but doesn't report Vibrio - SunHerald.com


SunHerald.com

Health Department tracks, but doesn't report Vibrio
SunHerald.com
Bacteria come in many forms, but Vibrio vulnificus, a rare and potentially deadly bacteria found in warm salt water has prompted health officials to warn those who venture into sea waters to be wary, especially if you have open cuts. HANDOUT TNS.

Hancock shrimper says his days on the water are over after Vibrio infection - SunHerald.com (press release)


SunHerald.com (press release)

Hancock shrimper says his days on the water are over after Vibrio infection
SunHerald.com (press release)
Garcia, 61, a well-known Lakeshore resident, had been out shrimping with his brother-in-law July 13 when he contracted the potentially deadly bacteria, Vibrio vulnificus. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Vibrio bloodstream ...

River bacteria that killed Mechanicsville man identified - Richmond Times-Dispatch


Richmond Times-Dispatch

River bacteria that killed Mechanicsville man identified
Richmond Times-Dispatch
The river bacteria that contributed to the death of a Mechanicsville man last week has been identified as Vibrio vulnificus, a health official said. Charlie Horner, 75, died after a cut from a catfish barb became infected with the bacteria Saturday at ...
Mechanicsville man's death blamed on flesh-eating bacteriaWRIC
River Bacteria Identified in Mechanicsville Man's DeathPatch.com
Flesh-eating bacteria kills Virginia fishermanBangor Daily News

all 35 news articles »

Bacteria that nearly killed Hancock County man identified as Vibrio - SunHerald.com


SunHerald.com

Bacteria that nearly killed Hancock County man identified as Vibrio
SunHerald.com
WESLEY MULLER/SUN HERALDAlden 'Al' Garcia lies in a hospital bed Monday after spending the prior week in intensive care for contracting the flesh-eating bacteria, Vibrio vulnificus. He contracted the bacteria July 13 while shrimping in the Gulf of ...
Family confirms Hancock County man is battling Vibrio VulnificusWLOX
Florida Seawater Bacteria Deaths Climb to 9Patch.com

all 7 news articles »

Vibrio Vulnificus Death Toll Up to 7 - Patch.com


Patch.com

Vibrio Vulnificus Death Toll Up to 7
Patch.com
The number of people who have died in Florida due to Vibrio vulnificus bacteria has climbed to seven. The latest fatal cases were reported in Sarasota and Duval counties. The Florida Department of Health has a running tally of cases on its website.
Vibrio Bacteria Cases Not A 'Harbinger,' Doc SaysHealth News Florida
Florida's Supposed 'Flesh-Eating' Bacteria Claims Seven LivesWater Online (press release)

all 4 news articles »

Officials urge hospitals, labs to report vibrio cases - Victoria Advocate


Outbreak News Today

Officials urge hospitals, labs to report vibrio cases
Victoria Advocate
State health officials released a health advisory to health care providers and laboratories urging testing of patients with consistent symptoms of vibrio. An investigation into recent cases of the bacteria comes a week after Eufaula Hester, 47, of ...
Florida: Vibrio deaths in Brevard and Citrus counties bring total to 9Outbreak News Today
The Cost of Foodborne Illness Varies Dramatically by StateFood Poisoning Bulletin (blog)

all 3 news articles »

ICYMI: Vibrio Vulnificus Death Toll Up to 7 - Patch.com


Patch.com

ICYMI: Vibrio Vulnificus Death Toll Up to 7
Patch.com
The number of people who have died in Florida due to Vibrio vulnificus bacteria has climbed to seven. The latest fatal cases were reported in Sarasota and Duval counties. The Florida Department of Health has a running tally of cases on its website.
Waterborne bacteria killed Hillsborough man, 6 other FloridiansTBO.com
Deaths from Florida salt water bacteria on the riseWFLA
Waterborne Bacteria in Beaches Worry Florida Swimmers; Kills 7Latinos Health

all 4 news articles »

Vibrio cases are rare, but dangerous if untreated - KRIS Corpus Christi News


KRIS Corpus Christi News

Vibrio cases are rare, but dangerous if untreated
KRIS Corpus Christi News
His ordeal began June 19th when he cut his knee during a fishing trip in Rockport. Health experts it's important to be vigilant about the "vibrio" bacteria, but add that the chances of getting an infection as the result of bacteria entering an open ...
Man barely survives flesh-eating bacteria after fishing near RockportKZTV Action 10 News

all 9 news articles »

CMR Wants to Better Inform Fishermen on Vibrio Dangers - WXXV News 25


WXXV News 25

CMR Wants to Better Inform Fishermen on Vibrio Dangers
WXXV News 25
Today, a Hancock County fisherman is recovering after the Mississippi Department of Health confirmed he contracted vibrio. The disease paralyzed and nearly killed him after a boating accident last week. Now, Coast marine leaders are trying to inform ...
DMR seeking ways to inform fishermen about vibrio bacteriaWLOX

all 2 news articles »

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.