Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

©2016 Google

Melbourne man nearly died from Vibrio infection after Indian River Lagoon water dripped on cut Video, digital extras - TCPalm


TCPalm

Melbourne man nearly died from Vibrio infection after Indian River Lagoon water dripped on cut Video, digital extras
TCPalm
Tom "Corky" Lewis, 58, walks past the boat ramp at Ballard Park in Melbourne where on Dec. 10 he was cast-netting for bait fish and became infected with Vibrio vulnificus, a naturally-occurring bacteria that can cause serious illness and death. Vibrio ...

and more »

TCPalm Trending: Watch out for Vibrio, sharks and Wawa - TCPalm


TCPalm

TCPalm Trending: Watch out for Vibrio, sharks and Wawa
TCPalm
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention calls Vibrio rare but underreported. There were 45 reported cases in Florida in 2015, 14 of them fatal; and 20 percent of all Vibrio cases originated in the Indian River Lagoon. The bacteria is most ...

Pathogen: Temperature influences gene expression, life cycle in vibrio cholerae - Science Daily


Tasnim News Agency (press release)

Pathogen: Temperature influences gene expression, life cycle in vibrio cholerae
Science Daily
Vibrio cholerae infects roughly four million people annually, worldwide, causing severe diarrheal disease, and killing an estimated 140,000 people. Its success as a pathogen belies the challenges this bacterium faces. The waters this bacterium inhabits ...
Pathogen: Temperature Influences Gene Expression, Life Cycle in Vibrio CholeraTasnim News Agency (press release)

all 3 news articles »

Saharan dust affects marine bacteria, potential pathogen Vibrio - Science Daily


Science Daily

Saharan dust affects marine bacteria, potential pathogen Vibrio
Science Daily
Vibrio bacteria, common to ocean waters worldwide, are probably best known for their ability to cause serious illness in humans and other marine organisms. These bacteria are also characterized by their ability to reproduce rapidly and respond to newly ...

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Coast vibrio survivor offers life-saving advice - The Sun Herald


Coast vibrio survivor offers life-saving advice
The Sun Herald
But vibrio can kill, especially vibrio vulnificus and vibrio parahaemolyticus, said Paul Byers, deputy state epidemiologist for the state Health Department. Both types of bacteria can cause infections, either from exposure to saltwater through a cut or ...

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Temperature influences gene expression, life cycle in vibrio cholerae - Phys.Org


Temperature influences gene expression, life cycle in vibrio cholerae
Phys.Org
Vibrio cholerae infects roughly four million people annually, worldwide, causing severe diarrheal disease, and killing an estimated 140,000 people. Its success as a pathogen belies the challenges this bacterium faces. The waters this bacterium inhabits ...

and more »

Closing the Brief Case: Safe To Go Back in the Water? Vibrio parahaemolyticus Wound Infection Associated with ... - Journal of Clinical Microbiology


Closing the Brief Case: Safe To Go Back in the Water? Vibrio parahaemolyticus Wound Infection Associated with ...
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Answer: b. V. parahaemolyticus is oxidase positive and almost always non-lactose fermenting and non-sucrose fermenting. In contrast, V. vulnificus and V. metschnikovii ferment lactose in 85 and 50% of cases, respectively. V. metschnikovii is unique ...

The Brief Case: Safe To Go Back in the Water? Vibrio parahaemolyticus Wound Infection Associated with Brackish Water - Journal of Clinical Microbiology


The Brief Case: Safe To Go Back in the Water? Vibrio parahaemolyticus Wound Infection Associated with Brackish Water
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Two slightly different colony morphologies were both identified as Vibrio parahaemolyticus by the Vitek 2 automated microbial identification system (bioM rieux, Durham, NC) with percent probabilities of 97% (excellent identification) and 95% (very good ...

Vibrio bacteria deaths heightened ER doctors' awareness Digital extras - TCPalm


TCPalm

Vibrio bacteria deaths heightened ER doctors' awareness Digital extras
TCPalm
Emergency room personnel have become well versed in the potential dangers of Vibrio vunificus because of three deaths linked to the bacteria here since 2012, all in St. Lucie County, said Dr. Steven Parr, emergency medicine director at Tradition ...

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I don't eat raw oysters: Gross and may have Vibrio - Barfblog (blog)


Barfblog (blog)

I don't eat raw oysters: Gross and may have Vibrio
Barfblog (blog)
Following up a scientific report, Timothy B. Wheeler of the Bay Journal reports a 6-year-old outbreak of food poisoning linked to eating raw Chesapeake Bay oysters has left behind a lingering mystery. Scientists seeking to identify the water-borne ...

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.