Read about Vibrio:
I. Organism Information
A. Taxonomy Information
a. V. cholerae
i. Taxonomy ID: 666
Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.
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Vibrio cholerae serotype O1
Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888
Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539
b. V. parahaemolyticus
c. V. vulnificus
B. Lifecycle and Morphology
1. V. cholerae
The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.
i. Shape: Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.
b. Host phase
The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.Hide info
Vibrio - Google News©2015 Google
Winter Haven man contracts deadly Vibrio vulnificus bacteria - FOX 13 News, Tampa Bay
Winter Haven man contracts deadly Vibrio vulnificus bacteria
FOX 13 News, Tampa Bay
WINTER HAVEN (FOX 13) - A fishing trip sent a Polk County man to the hospital. Bacteria in the water got into his body. Days later, he was dead. It was a case of Vibrio vulnificus, one of more than three dozen in the state so far this year. Now, 56 ...
Man dies from vibrio vulnificus infection after fishing trip - WPTV.com
Man dies from vibrio vulnificus infection after fishing trip
Polk County officials confirmed this week that 56-year-old Richard Corley had contracted vibrio vulnificus. Family members told local media that Corely was infected last month during an annual fishing trip in Estero Bay, off southwest Florida. They say ...
Man dies from flesh-killing infection after fishing trip
Seawater Bacteria Claims Another Tampa Bay Area Life
Florida man dies from flesh-destroying bacteria infection after fishing trip
Massachusetts Officials Close Some Oyster Beds After Vibrio Outbreak - Food Safety News
Food Safety News
Massachusetts Officials Close Some Oyster Beds After Vibrio Outbreak
Food Safety News
Commercial oyster beds are scheduled to reopen at sunrise on Thursday, Oct. 8, 2015. If 10 or more confirmed Vibrio illnesses are linked to oysters harvested from an area within a 30-day period, the FDA-enforced closure would be extended to 21 days.
Vibrio Outbreak Closes Massachusetts Oyster Beds
Vibrio parahaemolyticus cases linked to commercial oyster beds
Our say: Tracking system for Vibrio a good idea - CapitalGazette.com
Our say: Tracking system for Vibrio a good idea
A tidal pond which empties into the Magothy river at Spriggs Farm in Arnold on Friday afternoon. A plan is being drawn by the Spriggs Farm Preservation Foundation to allow water access for smaller vessels while minimizing environmental impact.
6 sick from Vibrio in oysters in Mass. - Barfblog (blog)
6 sick from Vibrio in oysters in Mass.
SUN0705N-Oyster7 The beds in Duxbury Bay, Kingston Bay, Bluefish River, Back River and Plymouth Harbor have been under a 7-day precautionary closure since last week. Tuesday's announcement extends that until Oct. 8. It could be extended again if ...
State extends closing of South Shore oyster beds for seasonal Vibrio bacteria
State closes Plymouth Harbor oyster beds
State extends closing of South Shore oyster beds
An intracellular replication niche for Vibrio cholerae in the amoeba ... - Nature.com
An intracellular replication niche for Vibrio cholerae in the amoeba ...
Vibrio cholerae is a human pathogen and the causative agent of cholera. The persistence of this bacterium in aquatic environments is a key epidemiological concern, as cholera is transmitted through contaminated water. Predatory protists, such as ...
Research and Markets: Global Vibrio Diagnostics Market Opportunities and ... - Business Wire (press release)
Research and Markets: Global Vibrio Diagnostics Market Opportunities and ...
Business Wire (press release)
The report presents a detailed analysis of the Vibrio diagnostics market in the US, Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK) and Japan. Current scientific views on the Vibrio definition, epidemiology and etiology are reviewed. Also, the report ...
Florida Vibrio vulnificus cases reach 30, Canadian growers upset with ban - Barfblog (blog)
Outbreak News Today
Florida Vibrio vulnificus cases reach 30, Canadian growers upset with ban
As the number of Vibrio cases in Florida hit 30, and 81 in western Canada in a separate outbreak, producers of shellfish in B.C. say they cutting jobs because of a month-long raw oyster ban in Vancouver. BC.oysters Roberta Stevenson, executive director ...
Florida Vibrio vulnificus cases reach 30, Five in Hillsborough
Hillsborough County reports 4th Vibrio vulnificus case; other infectious ... - Outbreak News Today
Hillsborough County reports 4th Vibrio vulnificus case; other infectious ...
Outbreak News Today
Hillsborough County, FL has reported it's fourth Vibrio vulnificus case of the year, according to state health officials. This brings the total in Florida 26 cases and 11 deaths. The first three cases reported from the county were fatal. Legionnaires ...
Vibrio outbreak: More V. parahaemolyticus cases reported in BC, Saskatchewan - Outbreak News Today
Vibrio outbreak: More V. parahaemolyticus cases reported in BC, Saskatchewan
Outbreak News Today
The Vibrio parahaemolyticus outbreak, primarily in Western Canada, linked to eating raw oysters has grown to 81 cases after British Columbia and Saskatchewan reported four and one additional case(s), respectively. Vibrio parahaemolyticus/CDC.
|Strain annotated in NMPDR||Genome size, bp||Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs)||Named genes in subsystems||Named genes not in subsystems||Hypothetical genes in subsystems||Hypothetical genes not in subsystems||Subsystems||RNAs|
|Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01||5,160,431||4,489||1747(39.1%)||1662(37.2%)||56(1.3%)||1008(22.5%)||318||180|
|Vibrio angustum S14||5,101,447||4,381||1790(39.1%)||1660(36.3%)||56(1.2%)||1068(23.3%)||304||340|
|Vibrio cholerae 1587||4,137,501||3,270||1521(45.0%)||1166(34.5%)||48(1.4%)||644(19.1%)||331||232|
|Vibrio cholerae 2740-80||3,945,478||3,179||1494(45.7%)||1119(34.2%)||50(1.5%)||605(18.5%)||327||179|
|Vibrio cholerae AM-19226||4,056,157||3,226||1531(45.8%)||1157(34.6%)||51(1.5%)||601(18.0%)||330||232|
|Vibrio cholerae MAK 757||3,917,446||3,181||1553(47.2%)||1134(34.5%)||49(1.5%)||553(16.8%)||331||214|
|Vibrio cholerae MO10||4,024,286||3,445||1682(48.7%)||1101(31.9%)||66(1.9%)||607(17.6%)||352||113|
|Vibrio cholerae MZO-3||4,146,039||3,189||1499(45.7%)||1147(35.0%)||51(1.6%)||584(17.8%)||326||190|
|Vibrio cholerae NRT36s||4,204,651||4,435||1826(43.1%)||1474(34.8%)||70(1.7%)||864(20.4%)||344||56|
|Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961||4,033,464||3,908||1840(44.0%)||1216(29.1%)||68(1.6%)||1059(25.3%)||374||168|
|Vibrio cholerae O395||4,132,319||3,346||1640(47.3%)||1142(32.9%)||56(1.6%)||630(18.2%)||353||247|
|Vibrio fischeri ES114||4,284,050||3,799||1917(48.1%)||1204(30.2%)||49(1.2%)||813(20.4%)||358||314|
|Vibrio fischeri MJ11||4,478,154||3,932||1493(36.6%)||1576(38.6%)||37(0.9%)||973(23.9%)||266||262|
|Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116||6,058,377||4,250||1702(39.9%)||1740(40.8%)||40(0.9%)||780(18.3%)||336||194|
|Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633||5,165,770||4,867||2100(41.7%)||1572(31.2%)||77(1.5%)||1289(25.6%)||382||188|
|Vibrio sp. Ex25||4,839,877||4,239||1826(43.0%)||1434(33.7%)||76(1.8%)||914(21.5%)||357||135|
|Vibrio sp. MED222||4,891,901||4,301||1918(43.3%)||1358(30.7%)||56(1.3%)||1093(24.7%)||356||150|
|Vibrio splendidus 12B01||5,596,386||4,933||1944(38.6%)||1663(33.1%)||59(1.2%)||1364(27.1%)||363||123|
|Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6||5,126,798||4,515||1975(42.7%)||1575(34.0%)||69(1.5%)||1010(21.8%)||376||244|
|Vibrio vulnificus YJ016||5,260,086||4,929||2037(40.0%)||1496(29.4%)||68(1.3%)||1492(29.3%)||383||164|