Read about Vibrio:
I. Organism Information
A. Taxonomy Information
a. V. cholerae
i. Taxonomy ID: 666
Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.
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Vibrio cholerae serotype O1
Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888
Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539
b. V. parahaemolyticus
c. V. vulnificus
B. Lifecycle and Morphology
1. V. cholerae
The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.
i. Shape: Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.
b. Host phase
The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.Hide info
Vibrio - Google News©2015 Google
Hong Kong man contracts Vibrio vulnificus from fish bone - Outbreak News Today
Outbreak News Today
Hong Kong man contracts Vibrio vulnificus from fish bone
Outbreak News Today
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium in the same family as those that cause cholera and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. It normally lives in warm seawater and is part of a group of vibrios that arecalled ...
Seafood Safety 101: Vibrio in Shellfish - Food Safety News
Food Safety News
Seafood Safety 101: Vibrio in Shellfish
Food Safety News
Of around a dozen Vibrio species that cause disease in people, two species V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus are most often associated with eating raw or undercooked seafood, particularly molluscan shellfish (oysters, clams, mussels, and ...
Vibrio control plan public hearings set for April 22 & 23 - Cape Cod Today
Cape Cod Today
Vibrio control plan public hearings set for April 22 & 23
Cape Cod Today
The Massachusetts Department of Marine Fisheries will host three public meetings to unveil the 2015 Massachusetts Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp) Control Plan for Oysters. All commonwealth commercial harvesters of oysters must comply with the plan ...
Structural biology A racemate to the rescue - Nature.com
Structural biology A racemate to the rescue
With the structure in hand, the authors were able to identify homologs among the S30Ae ribosome-associated proteins, a family that includes cold-shock proteins from Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae that inhibit translation during environmental ...
Temporal and spatial constraints on community assembly during microbial ... - Nature.com
Temporal and spatial constraints on community assembly during microbial ...
... a Vibrio, which was closed to Vibrio aestuarinus with 95% similarity (Otu2906), and an OTU similar (99%) to Desulfovibrio piezophilus (Otu6515), a sulfate reducer originally isolated from a deep-sea wood fall in the Mediterranean Sea (Khelaifia et ...
Rocket Science in a Bacterium - Discovery Institute
Rocket Science in a Bacterium
Indeed, Vibrio, the genus that includes cholera, and Pseudomonas, implicated in sepsis and other human diseases, contain T6SS machinery, as do at least 25 percent of gram-negative bacteria. Unfortunately, such questions are beyond the scope of the ...
The coral core microbiome identifies rare bacterial taxa as ubiquitous ... - Nature.com
The coral core microbiome identifies rare bacterial taxa as ubiquitous ...
In many cases, including algal bacteria and squid vibrio symbioses, it is often the phylotypes of low abundance in the surrounding environment (or members of the rare biosphere; Sogin et al., 2006) that form the most physiologically significant ...
'Big chill' ahead for Willapa shellfish: State Health mandates rapid cooling ... - Daily Astorian
'Big chill' ahead for Willapa shellfish: State Health mandates rapid cooling ...
These plans outline harvest methods, temperature control limits, environmental monitoring and more all designed to reduce the risk of illnesses associated with the pathogenic form of a bacteria found in oysters, Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Vibrio can ...
Cholera outbreak kills 20 in Ebonyi - TV360
Toshiba Developing Food Poisoning Panel Using Isothermal Amplification ... - GenomeWeb
Toshiba Developing Food Poisoning Panel Using Isothermal Amplification ...
The chip can detect Salmonella, Campylobacter, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Shigella, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium perfringens, Bacillus cereus, Yersinia, Listeria, Vibrio cholerae, as well as enteropathogenic, enterotoxigenic, enterohemorrhagic, and ...
|Strain annotated in NMPDR||Genome size, bp||Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs)||Named genes in subsystems||Named genes not in subsystems||Hypothetical genes in subsystems||Hypothetical genes not in subsystems||Subsystems||RNAs|
|Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01||5,160,431||4,489||1747(39.1%)||1662(37.2%)||56(1.3%)||1008(22.5%)||318||180|
|Vibrio angustum S14||5,101,447||4,381||1790(39.1%)||1660(36.3%)||56(1.2%)||1068(23.3%)||304||340|
|Vibrio cholerae 1587||4,137,501||3,270||1521(45.0%)||1166(34.5%)||48(1.4%)||644(19.1%)||331||232|
|Vibrio cholerae 2740-80||3,945,478||3,179||1494(45.7%)||1119(34.2%)||50(1.5%)||605(18.5%)||327||179|
|Vibrio cholerae AM-19226||4,056,157||3,226||1531(45.8%)||1157(34.6%)||51(1.5%)||601(18.0%)||330||232|
|Vibrio cholerae MAK 757||3,917,446||3,181||1553(47.2%)||1134(34.5%)||49(1.5%)||553(16.8%)||331||214|
|Vibrio cholerae MO10||4,024,286||3,445||1682(48.7%)||1101(31.9%)||66(1.9%)||607(17.6%)||352||113|
|Vibrio cholerae MZO-3||4,146,039||3,189||1499(45.7%)||1147(35.0%)||51(1.6%)||584(17.8%)||326||190|
|Vibrio cholerae NRT36s||4,204,651||4,435||1826(43.1%)||1474(34.8%)||70(1.7%)||864(20.4%)||344||56|
|Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961||4,033,464||3,908||1840(44.0%)||1216(29.1%)||68(1.6%)||1059(25.3%)||374||168|
|Vibrio cholerae O395||4,132,319||3,346||1640(47.3%)||1142(32.9%)||56(1.6%)||630(18.2%)||353||247|
|Vibrio fischeri ES114||4,284,050||3,799||1917(48.1%)||1204(30.2%)||49(1.2%)||813(20.4%)||358||314|
|Vibrio fischeri MJ11||4,478,154||3,932||1493(36.6%)||1576(38.6%)||37(0.9%)||973(23.9%)||266||262|
|Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116||6,058,377||4,250||1702(39.9%)||1740(40.8%)||40(0.9%)||780(18.3%)||336||194|
|Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633||5,165,770||4,867||2100(41.7%)||1572(31.2%)||77(1.5%)||1289(25.6%)||382||188|
|Vibrio sp. Ex25||4,839,877||4,239||1826(43.0%)||1434(33.7%)||76(1.8%)||914(21.5%)||357||135|
|Vibrio sp. MED222||4,891,901||4,301||1918(43.3%)||1358(30.7%)||56(1.3%)||1093(24.7%)||356||150|
|Vibrio splendidus 12B01||5,596,386||4,933||1944(38.6%)||1663(33.1%)||59(1.2%)||1364(27.1%)||363||123|
|Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6||5,126,798||4,515||1975(42.7%)||1575(34.0%)||69(1.5%)||1010(21.8%)||376||244|
|Vibrio vulnificus YJ016||5,260,086||4,929||2037(40.0%)||1496(29.4%)||68(1.3%)||1492(29.3%)||383||164|