Read about Vibrio:
I. Organism Information
A. Taxonomy Information
a. V. cholerae
i. Taxonomy ID: 666
Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.
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Vibrio cholerae serotype O1
Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888
Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539
b. V. parahaemolyticus
c. V. vulnificus
B. Lifecycle and Morphology
1. V. cholerae
The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.
i. Shape: Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.
b. Host phase
The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.Hide info
Vibrio - Google News©2015 Google
Predicting Vibrio in the Bay - My Eastern Shore
My Eastern Shore
Predicting Vibrio in the Bay
My Eastern Shore
The species Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus are the main concerns for the Bay, and both are dangerous to human health. They multiply and grow when temperatures are greater than 59 degrees Fahrenheit and thrive in the moderate salinities ...
How Vibrio cholera has adapted to its environment - The Pharmaceutical Journal (blog)
How Vibrio cholera has adapted to its environment
The Pharmaceutical Journal (blog)
Since the first of its six great pandemics in the early 19th century, cholera, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera, has claimed the lives of hundreds of millions of victims. Confined for centuries in the Ganges delta area of India, the disease was ...
Multidrug resistant Vibrio cholerae O1 from clinical and environmental samples ... - 7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Multidrug resistant Vibrio cholerae O1 from clinical and environmental samples ...
7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Cholera, an infectious disease caused by Vibrio cholerae, is a major public health problem and is a particularly burden in developing countries including Nepal. Although the recent worldwide outbreaks of cholera have been due to V. cholerae El Tor, the ...
Washington oyster beds may close when they get too warm - CT Post
Washington oyster beds may close when they get too warm
MOUNT VERNON, Wash. (AP) Vibrio can be bad news for those who savor raw oysters and the businesses that sell them. Vibrio is a naturally occurring bacteria that thrives in warm temperatures and can cause intestinal distress to those eating ...
Researchers at UMD finish 15-year study on preventing cholera - Diamondback Online
Researchers at UMD finish 15-year study on preventing cholera
Rita Colwell, a cell biology and molecular genetics professor, has studied cholera for more than 40 years, looking at satellite data, gene sequencing and easily adaptable means of water filtration in areas where large amounts of Vibrio cholerae ...
Washington Floats Proactive Plan to Make Raw Oysters Safer - Food Safety News
Food Safety News
Washington Floats Proactive Plan to Make Raw Oysters Safer
Food Safety News
Why wait for people to get sick from a foodborne illness when you can prevent it from happening in the first place? Sounds logical enough. At least that's the thinking behind a plan focusing on the pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which can infect ...
Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio Vulnificus - WJHG-TV
Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio Vulnificus
PANAMA CITY BEACH-- Bay County Health officials are trying to set the record straight regarding Vibrio vulnificus. Some people have the misconception that the bacteria is a "flesh eating disease." But, Public Health officials said nothing could be ...
Vibrio infections not confined to Florida, are steadily rising in Louisiana
Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteria
Aggressive bacteria found in Chesapeake Bay hospitalizes woman
Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria - CBS News
Headlines & Global News
Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria
Sarasota County health officials have issued a warning against eating raw oysters and exposing open wounds to coastal and inland waters after one person died this week and another was sickened by a flesh-eating bacteria. Florida officials say 12 cases ...
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus Found In Warm Florida Water (VIDEO)
Vibrio infections reported around the Chesapeake Bay
Dangerous bacteria: Vibro Vulnificus in Florida ocean hospitalizes 13, kills 3
Rochester: Hospital treating 2 cases of necrotizing fasciitis - Outbreak News Today
Outbreak News Today
Rochester: Hospital treating 2 cases of necrotizing fasciitis
Outbreak News Today
The most common organism that causes this devastating disease is Streptococcus pyogenes (group A strep), however other bacteria have been implicated (Clostridia, Vibrio, and in the case of Aimee Copeland, Aeromonas.). It's called flesh eating bacteria ...
Cape Cod oyster 'Vibrio' poisoning case to be heard in Hampshire Superior Court - MassLive.com
Cape Cod oyster 'Vibrio' poisoning case to be heard in Hampshire Superior Court
According to the complaint, the Roys were vacationing on Cape Cod in the summer of 2011, and that on July 2, John Roy consumed around eight raw oysters at Chapin's that contained elevated and toxic levels of the bacteria Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
|Strain annotated in NMPDR||Genome size, bp||Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs)||Named genes in subsystems||Named genes not in subsystems||Hypothetical genes in subsystems||Hypothetical genes not in subsystems||Subsystems||RNAs|
|Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01||5,160,431||4,489||1747(39.1%)||1662(37.2%)||56(1.3%)||1008(22.5%)||318||180|
|Vibrio angustum S14||5,101,447||4,381||1790(39.1%)||1660(36.3%)||56(1.2%)||1068(23.3%)||304||340|
|Vibrio cholerae 1587||4,137,501||3,270||1521(45.0%)||1166(34.5%)||48(1.4%)||644(19.1%)||331||232|
|Vibrio cholerae 2740-80||3,945,478||3,179||1494(45.7%)||1119(34.2%)||50(1.5%)||605(18.5%)||327||179|
|Vibrio cholerae AM-19226||4,056,157||3,226||1531(45.8%)||1157(34.6%)||51(1.5%)||601(18.0%)||330||232|
|Vibrio cholerae MAK 757||3,917,446||3,181||1553(47.2%)||1134(34.5%)||49(1.5%)||553(16.8%)||331||214|
|Vibrio cholerae MO10||4,024,286||3,445||1682(48.7%)||1101(31.9%)||66(1.9%)||607(17.6%)||352||113|
|Vibrio cholerae MZO-3||4,146,039||3,189||1499(45.7%)||1147(35.0%)||51(1.6%)||584(17.8%)||326||190|
|Vibrio cholerae NRT36s||4,204,651||4,435||1826(43.1%)||1474(34.8%)||70(1.7%)||864(20.4%)||344||56|
|Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961||4,033,464||3,908||1840(44.0%)||1216(29.1%)||68(1.6%)||1059(25.3%)||374||168|
|Vibrio cholerae O395||4,132,319||3,346||1640(47.3%)||1142(32.9%)||56(1.6%)||630(18.2%)||353||247|
|Vibrio fischeri ES114||4,284,050||3,799||1917(48.1%)||1204(30.2%)||49(1.2%)||813(20.4%)||358||314|
|Vibrio fischeri MJ11||4,478,154||3,932||1493(36.6%)||1576(38.6%)||37(0.9%)||973(23.9%)||266||262|
|Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116||6,058,377||4,250||1702(39.9%)||1740(40.8%)||40(0.9%)||780(18.3%)||336||194|
|Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633||5,165,770||4,867||2100(41.7%)||1572(31.2%)||77(1.5%)||1289(25.6%)||382||188|
|Vibrio sp. Ex25||4,839,877||4,239||1826(43.0%)||1434(33.7%)||76(1.8%)||914(21.5%)||357||135|
|Vibrio sp. MED222||4,891,901||4,301||1918(43.3%)||1358(30.7%)||56(1.3%)||1093(24.7%)||356||150|
|Vibrio splendidus 12B01||5,596,386||4,933||1944(38.6%)||1663(33.1%)||59(1.2%)||1364(27.1%)||363||123|
|Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6||5,126,798||4,515||1975(42.7%)||1575(34.0%)||69(1.5%)||1010(21.8%)||376||244|
|Vibrio vulnificus YJ016||5,260,086||4,929||2037(40.0%)||1496(29.4%)||68(1.3%)||1492(29.3%)||383||164|