Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

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Scientists Use Katama Bay for Detailed Study of Oysters and Vibrio - The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News


The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News

Scientists Use Katama Bay for Detailed Study of Oysters and Vibrio
The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a naturally-occurring bacteria that thrives in warmer waters, and with the Vineyard experiencing a prolonged heat wave in recent weeks, bay waters are warm. The water temperature in Katama Bay Thursday morning was almost 77 ...
Outdoors: When it comes to raw oyster consumption, the 'R months' ruleWorcester Telegram

all 3 news articles »

Vibrio bacteria deaths, research renew proposals for ocean-to-Indian River ... - TCPalm


TCPalm

Vibrio bacteria deaths, research renew proposals for ocean-to-Indian River ...
TCPalm
There are three different Vibrio species growing on these two plates: V. parahaemolyticus (purple), V. vulnificus (teal) and V. cholerae (blue). The samples were collected from oyster tissue in the Indian River Lagoon. (CONTRIBUTED PHOTO BY GABBY ...

Pasco nurse who recognized Vibrio bacteria shares warning signs - WFLA


WFLA

Pasco nurse who recognized Vibrio bacteria shares warning signs
WFLA
PASCO COUNTY, FL (WFLA) Nurse Maribeth Messineo took one look at Florence Benner's leg and knew she was dealing with something serious. It had already begun to blister, which is one of the hallmark signs of vibrio, she said. And the pain generally ...

67 People Sick With Vibrio in Canada - Food Safety News


Food Safety News

67 People Sick With Vibrio in Canada
Food Safety News
The Public Health Agency of Canada is collaborating with provincial public health partners, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, the Department of Fisheries and Oceans and Health Canada to investigate 67 Canadian cases of Vibrio parahaemolyticus ...
Vibrio Outbreak Sickens 67 in CanadaFood Poisoning Bulletin
Canada finds 67 cases of vibrio parahaemolyticus infectionXinhua
Canada: Raw oysters linked to dozens of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections in ...Outbreak News Today
PerishableNews (press release) (registration)
all 41 news articles »

Officials close oyster beds on infection fears - Boston Globe


Food Poisoning Bulletin

Officials close oyster beds on infection fears
Boston Globe
State authorities temporarily closed oyster beds in Katama Bay off Edgartown on Wednesday, citing three cases of a bacterial infection called Vibrio linked to the consumption of local raw oysters. The closure was also prompted by concerns that water ...
Martha's Vineyard Oyster Beds Closed for VibrioFood Poisoning Bulletin
Vibrio cases linked to Vineyard oystersCape Cod Times (subscription)
Katama Bay Closed To Shellfishing After Confirmed Cases of VibrioCapeCod.com News
PerishableNews (press release) (registration) -The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News -Martha's Vineyard Times
all 9 news articles »

DMR educates commercial fishermen about vibrio risk - WLOX


DMR educates commercial fishermen about vibrio risk
WLOX
What we want commercial fishermen to know is if they're at risk, if they're one of the categories that are at risk for being injured or harmed by vibrio, they need to be aware of this, said DMR chief scientific officer, Dr. Kelly Lucas, So that is ...
Vibrio education campaign aimed at commercial fishermenWDAM-TV

all 7 news articles »

Growers upset, but 'it's not the handling' Oyster farms in Mass. remain closed ... - Barfblog (blog)


Barfblog (blog)

Growers upset, but 'it's not the handling' Oyster farms in Mass. remain closed ...
Barfblog (blog)
Now the closure will be extended for another seven days due to three more confirmed cases of Vibrio from mid-August, state Vibrio program coordinator Chris Schillaci told the Edgartown shellfish committee at a meeting Tuesday. The meeting was attended ...

31 Vibrio Cases Prompt BC Health Officials to Require Cooking of BC Oysters - Food Safety News


Food Safety News

31 Vibrio Cases Prompt BC Health Officials to Require Cooking of BC Oysters
Food Safety News
Thirty-one Vibrio cases associated with consumption of raw oysters have so far been reported in VCH, although the actual number is expected to be much higher since the majority of foodborne illness cases are not reported, VCH stated. In 2014, 16 cases ...
Growers say BC oysters are 'safe to eat raw' despite Vancouver-wide banThe Globe and Mail
Vancouver restaurants barred from serving raw BC oystersCTV News
Vancouver Restaurants Must Cook Oysters Before ServingFood Poisoning Bulletin
Vancity Buzz -Undercurrent News -24 Hours Vancouver
all 35 news articles »

Seawater Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus Kills Tenth Person in Florida This Year ... - The Weather Channel


The Weather Channel

Seawater Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus Kills Tenth Person in Florida This Year ...
The Weather Channel
It was the 19th overall case of Vibrio vulnificus reported in the Sunshine State in 2015, according to the Florida Department of Health. The bacteria are most dangerous to those with weakened immune systems who either eat raw shellfish oysters in ...

Fatal Vibrio Case Reported In Escambia County - WUWF


WUWF

Fatal Vibrio Case Reported In Escambia County
WUWF
Vibrio can be a serious disease, and even lead to death; but if you take proper precautions, your risk should be minimal, said Dr. Carina Blackmore, Deputy State Epidemiologist. People get Vibrio by swimming, wading, and playing in salt or brackish ...
Florida saltwater bacteria numbers grow, alarming swimmersWCBD News 2
Seawater bacteria death confirmed in EscambiaWTSP 10 News
Pinellas Logs 1st Seawater Bacteria Death of the YearPatch.com
gulflive.com
all 10 news articles »

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.