Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

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Vibrio vulnificus case reported in Polk County, brings state total to 25 - Outbreak News Today


Vibrio vulnificus case reported in Polk County, brings state total to 25
Outbreak News Today
The total number of cases of Vibrio vulnificus has risen by one as Polk County saw their first case of the bacterial infection, according to data released by the Florida Department of Health. This brings the total number of cases in Florida to 25 in 2014.

Health officer reports on smoking, Vibrio - Bay Net


Bay Net

Health officer reports on smoking, Vibrio
Bay Net
Dr. Brewster said the best defense against Vibrio is not to eat raw shellfish and if a wound comes in contact with brackish water, to quickly wash the wound with warm water. She said anyone regularly coming in contact with brackish water with a wound, ...

Vibrio vulnificis death reported in St. Lucie County - Outbreak News Today


Vibrio vulnificis death reported in St. Lucie County
Outbreak News Today
Vibrio vulnificus is an emerging pathogen of humans. It causes wound infections, gastroenteritis, or a syndrome known as primary septicemia. It was first recognized as an agent of disease in 1976. The first documented case of disease caused by the ...

Marine bacteria detected in fish samples - Channel News Asia


Channel News Asia

Marine bacteria detected in fish samples
Channel News Asia
SINGAPORE: A type of marine bacteria, Vibrio, has been detected in fish samples taken from Singapore's coastal fish farms. While Vibrio is found naturally in tropical marine environments, humans can get infected by consuming undercooked seafood or ...

Wellfleet harbor conference to focus on fish passage, oyster ailments & more - Wicked Local Provincetown


Wellfleet harbor conference to focus on fish passage, oyster ailments & more
Wicked Local Provincetown
The topics include Fish Passage Study in the Herring River, Managing and Researching Vibrio in Oysters, Results of 2014 Horseshoe Crab Surveys, Expanded Study Planned for Wellfleet Harbor and What We're Learning from Ocean Sunfish ...

CSPI: Top Ten Risky Foods - Food Poison Journal


CSPI: Top Ten Risky Foods
Food Poison Journal
A bacterium called Vibrio is also present in oysters and it can infect the bloodstream and be life-threatening. 5. Potatoes, 108 outbreaks. Outbreaks occur most frequently from contaminated or improperly refrigerated potato salad. The most common cause ...

10 Foods Most Likely to Make You Sick - Newsmax Health


10 Foods Most Likely to Make You Sick
Newsmax Health
A bacterium called Vibrio is also present in oysters and it can infect the bloodstream and be life-threatening. 5. 5. Potatoes, 108 outbreaks. Outbreaks occur most frequently from contaminated or improperly refrigerated potato salad. The most common ...

and more »

Former Lexington mayor Pettit shows improvement after fishing accident; has ... - Lexington Herald Leader


Lexington Herald Leader

Former Lexington mayor Pettit shows improvement after fishing accident; has ...
Lexington Herald Leader
Foster Pettit was diagnosed with a vibrio infection a bacterium common in coastal waters, on Oct. 16. HERALD-LEADER Buy Photo. Recent Headlines. Chris Bailey's weather forecast: Chance for snowflakes on Halloween 1 hour ago. Halloween ...

and more »

Lexington's 1833 cholera epidemic chronicled in new book - Lexington Herald Leader


Lexington Herald Leader

Lexington's 1833 cholera epidemic chronicled in new book
Lexington Herald Leader
Cholera is a waterborne infectious disease that attacks the small intestine via water that is contaminated with the Vibrio cholerae microbe, and the Lexington of 1833 was the perfect reservoir of filth to nurture it. The outbreak killed 501 people of a ...

and more »

Niger reports spike in cholera deaths - Outbreak News Today


Niger reports spike in cholera deaths
Outbreak News Today
Cholera, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, is an acute bacterial intestinal disease characterized by sudden onset, profuse watery stools (given the appearance as rice water stools because of flecks of mucus in water) due to a very potent ...

and more »

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.