Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

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Vibrio management public hearings set for April 6 in Plymouth and Eastham - Cape Cod Today


Cape Cod Today

Vibrio management public hearings set for April 6 in Plymouth and Eastham
Cape Cod Today
The Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries and the Marine Fisheries Advisory Commission are looking to make some changes to the state's seasonal Vibrio management regulations (322 CMR 16.05). But before they do so, they have scheduled two ...

Vibrio in Tampa and New Zealand - Barfblog (blog)


Barfblog (blog)

Vibrio in Tampa and New Zealand
Barfblog (blog)
The opportunistic pathogen Vibrio vulnificus occurs naturally in estuarine habitats and is readily cultured from water and oysters under warm conditions but infrequently at ambient conditions of <15 C. SUN0705N-Oyster7 The presence of V. vulnificus in ...

Necrotising fasciitis caused by Vibrio vulnificus reported in Hong Kong woman - Outbreak News Today


Necrotising fasciitis caused by Vibrio vulnificus reported in Hong Kong woman
Outbreak News Today
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium in the same family as those that cause cholera and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. It normally lives in warm seawater and is part of a group of vibrios that arecalled ...

Warning: Flesh-eating bacteria in the Chesapeake Bay - ABC2 News


ABC2 News

Warning: Flesh-eating bacteria in the Chesapeake Bay
ABC2 News
Not all species can infect humans, but two strains that can have raised concern in the Bay watershed: Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, according to the Chesapeake Bay Foundation , which are in support of the bill. Vibrio vulnificus is ...

and more »

BC Liberals claim to make seafood safer with Fish and Seafood Act - Straight.com


Straight.com

BC Liberals claim to make seafood safer with Fish and Seafood Act
Straight.com
Vibrio species are another concern. These marine bacteria occur naturally in the environment and can cause gastroenteritis, wound infections, and septicemia; one of the genus's species causes cholera. Foods commonly containing vibrios are contaminated ...

and more »

Passover health warning: Avoid dangerous infections from cleaning pond fish - Jerusalem Post Israel News


Jerusalem Post Israel News

Passover health warning: Avoid dangerous infections from cleaning pond fish
Jerusalem Post Israel News
The ministry said on Tuesday that fish such as St. Peter's fish (amnoon or musht), buri and sea bream (denis) may be infected with potentially dangerous Vibrio vulnificus bacteria that can cause harmful infections and even death in people with weak ...
Min. of Health Issues Pre-Holiday Warning on Fresh Fish BacteriaArutz Sheva

all 2 news articles »

1 killed, 1 critical after bikers crash into car on SR 520 - Orlando Sentinel


Orlando Sentinel

1 killed, 1 critical after bikers crash into car on SR 520
Orlando Sentinel
You don't necessarily have to consume any kind of shellfish to contract vibrio vulnificus: you can get the flesh-eating bacteria just from swimming in the water. Through October 2013, 27 suspected cases were reported statewide, and at several of them ...

BC Liberals aim to make seafood safer with Fish and Seafood Act - Straight.com


Straight.com

BC Liberals aim to make seafood safer with Fish and Seafood Act
Straight.com
Vibrio species are another concern. These marine bacteria occur naturally in the environment and can cause gastroenteritis, wound infections, and septicemia; one of the genus's species causes cholera. Foods commonly containing vibrios are contaminated ...

Cholera Epidemic Spreads to Sofala - AllAfrica.com


Cholera Epidemic Spreads to Sofala
AllAfrica.com
Maputo The Mozambican Ministry of Health has confirmed that cholera has spread to the central province of Sofala with, to date, 260 cases, but no deaths. The figures for Sofala released at a Maputo press conference on Monday are a fortnight out of date.

Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio Vulnificus - WJHG-TV


myfox8.com

Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio Vulnificus
WJHG-TV
PANAMA CITY BEACH-- Bay County Health officials are trying to set the record straight regarding Vibrio vulnificus. Some people have the misconception that the bacteria is a "flesh eating disease." But, Public Health officials said nothing could be ...
Vibrio infections not confined to Florida, are steadily rising in LouisianaThe Times-Picayune - NOLA.com
Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteriamyfox8.com
Aggressive bacteria found in Chesapeake Bay hospitalizes womanwtvr.com
WBOC TV 16
all 66 news articles »

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.