Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

©2015 Google

Predicting Vibrio in the Bay - My Eastern Shore


My Eastern Shore

Predicting Vibrio in the Bay
My Eastern Shore
The species Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus are the main concerns for the Bay, and both are dangerous to human health. They multiply and grow when temperatures are greater than 59 degrees Fahrenheit and thrive in the moderate salinities ...

How Vibrio cholera has adapted to its environment - The Pharmaceutical Journal (blog)


How Vibrio cholera has adapted to its environment
The Pharmaceutical Journal (blog)
Since the first of its six great pandemics in the early 19th century, cholera, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera, has claimed the lives of hundreds of millions of victims. Confined for centuries in the Ganges delta area of India, the disease was ...

Multidrug resistant Vibrio cholerae O1 from clinical and environmental samples ... - 7thSpace Interactive (press release)


Multidrug resistant Vibrio cholerae O1 from clinical and environmental samples ...
7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Cholera, an infectious disease caused by Vibrio cholerae, is a major public health problem and is a particularly burden in developing countries including Nepal. Although the recent worldwide outbreaks of cholera have been due to V. cholerae El Tor, the ...

Washington oyster beds may close when they get too warm - CT Post


Washington oyster beds may close when they get too warm
CT Post
MOUNT VERNON, Wash. (AP) Vibrio can be bad news for those who savor raw oysters and the businesses that sell them. Vibrio is a naturally occurring bacteria that thrives in warm temperatures and can cause intestinal distress to those eating ...

and more »

Researchers at UMD finish 15-year study on preventing cholera - Diamondback Online


Diamondback Online

Researchers at UMD finish 15-year study on preventing cholera
Diamondback Online
Rita Colwell, a cell biology and molecular genetics professor, has studied cholera for more than 40 years, looking at satellite data, gene sequencing and easily adaptable means of water filtration in areas where large amounts of Vibrio cholerae ...

Washington Floats Proactive Plan to Make Raw Oysters Safer - Food Safety News


Food Safety News

Washington Floats Proactive Plan to Make Raw Oysters Safer
Food Safety News
Why wait for people to get sick from a foodborne illness when you can prevent it from happening in the first place? Sounds logical enough. At least that's the thinking behind a plan focusing on the pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which can infect ...

Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio Vulnificus - WJHG-TV


myfox8.com

Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio Vulnificus
WJHG-TV
PANAMA CITY BEACH-- Bay County Health officials are trying to set the record straight regarding Vibrio vulnificus. Some people have the misconception that the bacteria is a "flesh eating disease." But, Public Health officials said nothing could be ...
Vibrio infections not confined to Florida, are steadily rising in LouisianaThe Times-Picayune - NOLA.com
Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteriamyfox8.com
Aggressive bacteria found in Chesapeake Bay hospitalizes womanwtvr.com
WBOC TV 16 -My Eastern Shore
all 66 news articles »

Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria - CBS News


Headlines & Global News

Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria
CBS News
Sarasota County health officials have issued a warning against eating raw oysters and exposing open wounds to coastal and inland waters after one person died this week and another was sickened by a flesh-eating bacteria. Florida officials say 12 cases ...
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus Found In Warm Florida Water (VIDEO)Headlines & Global News
Vibrio infections reported around the Chesapeake BayWTOP
Dangerous bacteria: Vibro Vulnificus in Florida ocean hospitalizes 13, kills 3ABC Action News
WXYZ -International Business Times UK
all 205 news articles »

Rochester: Hospital treating 2 cases of necrotizing fasciitis - Outbreak News Today


Outbreak News Today

Rochester: Hospital treating 2 cases of necrotizing fasciitis
Outbreak News Today
The most common organism that causes this devastating disease is Streptococcus pyogenes (group A strep), however other bacteria have been implicated (Clostridia, Vibrio, and in the case of Aimee Copeland, Aeromonas.). It's called flesh eating bacteria ...

and more »

Cape Cod oyster 'Vibrio' poisoning case to be heard in Hampshire Superior Court - MassLive.com


MassLive.com

Cape Cod oyster 'Vibrio' poisoning case to be heard in Hampshire Superior Court
MassLive.com
According to the complaint, the Roys were vacationing on Cape Cod in the summer of 2011, and that on July 2, John Roy consumed around eight raw oysters at Chapin's that contained elevated and toxic levels of the bacteria Vibrio parahaemolyticus.

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.