Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

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Iron Overload Disease Causes Rapid Growth Of Deadly Vibrio Vulnificus Bacteria - Science 2.0


Science 2.0

Iron Overload Disease Causes Rapid Growth Of Deadly Vibrio Vulnificus Bacteria
Science 2.0
Every summer, there are reports linking a bacterium called Vibrio vulnificus to people getting sick or dying. The bacteria are found in warm saltwater and problems occur after eating raw tainted shellfish or when an open wound comes in contact with ...

I don't eat raw oysters: Iron overload disease causes rapid growth of Vibrio - Barfblog (blog)


Barfblog (blog)

I don't eat raw oysters: Iron overload disease causes rapid growth of Vibrio
Barfblog (blog)
People with the common genetic iron overload disease called hereditary hemochromatosis have a deficiency of the iron-regulating hormone hepcidin and thus develop excess iron in their blood and tissue, providing prime growth conditions for Vibrio ...
Iron Overload Disease Causes Rapid Growth of Potentially Deadly Bacteria ...Infection Control Today
Iron overload disease causes rapid growth of potentially deadly bacteria, UCLA ...HealthCanal.com

all 10 news articles »

Un argentino muri en Punta del Este por una extra a bacteria - InfoBAE.com


El Diario

Un argentino muri en Punta del Este por una extra a bacteria
InfoBAE.com
As lo confirm la directora de epidemiolog a del MSP, Raquel Rosa, en conferencia de prensa: "Desde diciembre se atendieron cuatro casos de personas con infecci n por bacteria vibrio vulnificus", se al la funcionaria. Y a adi que no debe haber ...
Confirman dos muertes por bacteria Vibrio en playas uruguayasEl Diario
Cu l es la bacteria que infect al hombre en Punta del Este?Diario El Pa s
Bacteria ex tica: recomiendan no ba arse en el mar con heridasEl Observador
Infonews -republica.com.uy
all 50 news articles »

Vibrio cholerae ghosts (VCG) exert immunomodulatory effect on dendritic cells ... - 7thSpace Interactive (press release)


Vibrio cholerae ghosts (VCG) exert immunomodulatory effect on dendritic cells ...
7thSpace Interactive (press release)
We previously showed that the Vibrio cholerae ghost platform (VCG; empty V. cholerae cell envelopes) is an effective delivery system for vaccine antigens promoting the induction of substantial immunity in the absence of external adjuvants. However, the ...

Probiotics to help reduce the risk of EMS in shrimp - All about feed


Probiotics to help reduce the risk of EMS in shrimp
All about feed
In order to assess the effect of the Norel's probiotic Ecobial Aqua (B. amyloliquefaciens CECT 5940) against the plausible cause of AHPNS (EMS), a number of different Vibrio strains isolated from marine environments were tested. Cells free extracts of B.

No genera preocupaci n - Radio Monte Carlo CX20 AM930


Radio Monte Carlo CX20 AM930

No genera preocupaci n
Radio Monte Carlo CX20 AM930
La Directora de Epidemiolog a del Ministerio, Raquel Rosa, destac cu les son las condiciones que facilitan la aparici n de la bacteria, y sus principales consecuencias en la pobalci n en general. Rosa dijo que no se trata de una bacteria m s pat gena ...

and more »

Salud P blica descart que las bacterias Vibrio no col ricas, sean un riesgo ... - Radio Monte Carlo CX20 AM930


Salud P blica descart que las bacterias Vibrio no col ricas, sean un riesgo ...
Radio Monte Carlo CX20 AM930
Salud P blica descart que las bacterias Vibrio no col ricas, sean un riesgo para la poblaci n. La cartera inform que las dos personas que fallecieron desde diciembre hasta hoy por tomar contacto con la bacteria, ya ten an enfermedades muy espec ficas ...

Iron overload disease causes rapid growth of deadly bacteria - Science Codex


Science Codex

Iron overload disease causes rapid growth of deadly bacteria
Science Codex
"This is the first time that the association of hepcidin deficiency and susceptibility to Vibrio vulnificus infection was tested," said senior author Dr. Yonca Bulut, a clinical professor of pediatrics at Mattel Children's Hospital at UCLA and a ...

Vibrio infections not confined to Florida, are steadily rising in Louisiana - The Times-Picayune - NOLA.com


myfox8.com

Vibrio infections not confined to Florida, are steadily rising in Louisiana
The Times-Picayune - NOLA.com
Three men surf fish early in the morning in the Gulf of Mexico off of Grand Isle on Saturday, July 26, 2014. The warm waters of the gulf are home to a bacteria -- the Vibrio vulnificus -- that has infected swimmers through open wounds or been ...
Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio VulnificusWJHG-TV
Aggressive bacteria found in Chesapeake Bay hospitalizes womanwtvr.com
Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteriamyfox8.com
WBOC TV 16 -My Eastern Shore
all 66 news articles »

Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria - CBS News


Headlines & Global News

Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria
CBS News
Sarasota County health officials have issued a warning against eating raw oysters and exposing open wounds to coastal and inland waters after one person died this week and another was sickened by a flesh-eating bacteria. Florida officials say 12 cases ...
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus Found In Warm Florida Water (VIDEO)Headlines & Global News
Dangerous bacteria: Vibro Vulnificus in Florida ocean hospitalizes 13, kills 3ABC Action News
Vibrio vulnificus: What is the Flesh-Eating Bacteria that has Killed 10 ...International Business Times UK
WXYZ -CBS Local
all 205 news articles »

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.