Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

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Texas Warns Swimmers of Vibrio after Contractions - KRGV


KRGV

Texas Warns Swimmers of Vibrio after Contractions
KRGV
SOUTH PADRE ISLAND Vibrio is known to be a flesh-eating bacterium. It is reported that two people came in contact with the bacteria along the Texas Gulf Coast. There are 28 cases of Vibrio across Texas and 43 percent of those were from water contact ...
Vibrio-related infections in Texas are rare but very seriousChron.com

all 1 news articles »

Expert weighs in on chances of getting Vibrio - KRIS Corpus Christi News


KRIS Corpus Christi News

Expert weighs in on chances of getting Vibrio
KRIS Corpus Christi News
There are still questions about how Austin-area Adrian Ruiz contracted Vibrio, the so-called flesh eating bacteria, while visiting the Coastal Bend. Dr. Gregory Buck, a PhD biology and biomedical sciences professor at Texas A&M University Corpus ...
TAMUCC Professor Discusses VibrioKIII TV3
Port Aransas officials: Vibrio may not have been contracted within city limitsCorpus Christi Caller-Times
Local man fighting flesh-eating symptoms from Vibrio infectionKVUE.com
CBS News -WPTV.com
all 98 news articles »

Swimmers beware: Flesh eating bacteria found in Florida beaches - Pulse Headlines


Pulse Headlines

Swimmers beware: Flesh eating bacteria found in Florida beaches
Pulse Headlines
One can become infected with Vibrio vulnificus through ingestion, especially where eating undercooked mollusks or contact in water with an open wound, including blisters, scrapes, and even small cuts on the skin. Infection by Vibrio organisms is known ...
TV report about bacteria in local waters was false, local officials sayThe Northwest Florida Daily News
No flesh-eating bacteria in local Gulf waterWJHG-TV
Flesh Eating Bacteria Warning in Florida Panhandle Beach? Swimming HaltedAustralia Network News

all 21 news articles »

State releases vibrio health advisory - Victoria Advocate


State releases vibrio health advisory
Victoria Advocate
Each year during the warmer months, there are reports of people contracting "flesh-eating" bacteria after visiting Gulf Coast beaches. State public health officials have released an advisory on the prevention of vibriosis and urge people to take ...

Changes needed to how vibrio infections reported - Victoria Advocate


Victoria Advocate

Changes needed to how vibrio infections reported
Victoria Advocate
The agencies involved appear to be communicating about suspected cases of vibrio because Friday the state health department issued an advisory about the 27 reported cases in Texas, although the advisory did not break down where the cases had ...
Galveston health officials respond to Vibrio caseOutbreak News Today
Texas Beach Advisories About VibrioWBAP News/Talk
Family beach day turns into horrific nightmare for Texas manMaine News Online

all 4 news articles »

Another Vibrio vulnificus case is registered in Texas - Pulse Headlines


Pulse Headlines

Another Vibrio vulnificus case is registered in Texas
Pulse Headlines
The Dallas Morning News reported that Adrian Ortiz from Buda, Texas, was diagnosed with vibrio vulnificus which is a very aggressive bacteria that lives in warm seawater. Ortiz was the second man diagnosed with the problem last week as Brian Parrot had ...

Explained: flesh eating bacteria in the Gulf of Mexico - Houston Chronicle


Houston Chronicle

Explained: flesh eating bacteria in the Gulf of Mexico
Houston Chronicle
The Vibrio family loves the mucky bottom of warm, semi-salty standing water, like coastal bays and the mouths of rivers. It's been found across the world, but few places seem more like home to Vibrio than the marshy coast of southeast Texas and Louisiana.

Hong Kong reports two Vibrio vulnificus necrotizing fasciitis cases in June - Outbreak News Today


Outbreak News Today

Hong Kong reports two Vibrio vulnificus necrotizing fasciitis cases in June
Outbreak News Today
While here in the states there has been a lot of coverage of the two Texas men who contracted very serious Vibrio vulnificus infections in recent weeks, Hong Kong health officials reported two sporadic cases of necrotizing fasciitis since the second ...

Vibrio attacks man's leg - Victoria Advocate


Victoria Advocate

Vibrio attacks man's leg
Victoria Advocate
Reese Hart's ankle is red and swollen after being infected by the Vibrio bacteria after fishing in Port O'Connor on Sunday. How to avoid Vibrio infections. Do not eat raw oysters or shellfish. Cook food thoroughly. Do not handle raw seafood of ...

Discussing the Latest Case of Vibrio along our Texas Coast - KIII TV3


KIII TV3

Discussing the Latest Case of Vibrio along our Texas Coast
KIII TV3
No cases of the flesh-eating bacteria have been reported yet. Dr. VJ warned Three News First Edition viewers to not get too comfortable. Visiting with Ms. Coastal Bend 2016 - Ms. Henri Mae Tillis · Visiting with Ms. Coastal Bend 2016 - Ms. Henri Mae ...

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.