Read about Vibrio:
I. Organism Information
A. Taxonomy Information
a. V. cholerae
i. Taxonomy ID: 666
Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.
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Vibrio cholerae serotype O1
Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888
Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539
b. V. parahaemolyticus
c. V. vulnificus
B. Lifecycle and Morphology
1. V. cholerae
The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.
i. Shape: Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.
b. Host phase
The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.Hide info
Vibrio - Google News©2015 Google
CDC Report Shows Vibrio, A Deadly Type Of Food Poisoning, Is On The Rise - Huffington Post
Maine News Online
CDC Report Shows Vibrio, A Deadly Type Of Food Poisoning, Is On The Rise
More troubling still, though, was the change in infections caused by bacteria of the genus vibrio, which is usually spread by the consumption of raw shellfish, especially oysters. Vibrio poisonings in the FoodNet system shot up by a shocking 52 percent ...
CDC report on US battle against food contamination shows mixed results
The Florida Department of Health Offers Tips to Prevent Vibrio Vulnificus - My Panhandle
The Florida Department of Health Offers Tips to Prevent Vibrio Vulnificus
The Florida Department of Health wants the public to know how to prevent getting a Vibrio Vulnificus infection. The Florida Department of Health in Bay County encourages individuals to remain aware of the slight risk of a bacterial infection, Vibrio ...
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus In US Oceans, What's The Real Risk Of ... - International Business Times
International Business Times
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus In US Oceans, What's The Real Risk Of ...
International Business Times
The bacteria, Vibrio vulnificus, kill one in three people who become infected and thrive in warm, saltwater environments. With summer beach weather on its way, some have wondered whether the threat of the bacterium means families are better off staying ...
More 'flesh-eating bacteria' in Gulf of Mexico as waters warm up - SunHerald.com
More 'flesh-eating bacteria' in Gulf of Mexico as waters warm up
The warming of Gulf Coast waters in summer's approach means an increase in Vibrio vulnificus, often called "flesh-eating bacteria." It sounds frightening, and has been for at least two people who each had a leg amputated in April after fishing or beach ...
New regs to control Vibrio in raw oysters - Barfblog (blog)
New regs to control Vibrio in raw oysters
Lifelong Brisbane residents I know will not eat oysters, raw or cooked (and we have an abundant supply of oysters, and lifelong Brisbane residents). raw.oysters.wash JoNel Aleccia of The Seattle Times writes that when a work trip sent Jill Poretta ...
Tighter rules aim to limit seafood poisoning from raw oysters
Food Poisoning: E.coli cases down, Vibrio cases up, Reports CDC - Headlines & Global News
Gastroenterology & Endoscopy News
Food Poisoning: E.coli cases down, Vibrio cases up, Reports CDC
Headlines & Global News
Vibrio cases, however, are on the rise, said the CDC and as reported on Maine News Online. The illness is most commonly associated with seafood. The CDC report showed that at least 19,000 cases relating to "vibrio vulnificus" were tracked last year ...
News Scan for May 19, 2015
New data shows reductions in foodborne illnesses
CDC says overall rate of foodborne infections remains the same in 2014
Martin County health officials offer 'Healthy Summer Tips': Naegleria, Vibrio ... - Outbreak News Today
Martin County health officials offer 'Healthy Summer Tips': Naegleria, Vibrio ...
Outbreak News Today
As area residents prepare for the summer season, the Florida Department of Health in Martin County is offering these tips for staying healthy in the coming months. Avoid contact with algae. Residents are urged to avoid contact with visible algae in the ...
US shrimp probiotics supplier ups research, sales efforts on back of EMS ... - Undercurrent News
US shrimp probiotics supplier ups research, sales efforts on back of EMS ...
On the heels of increased sales spurred by early mortality syndrome (EMS)-caused high shrimp prices the past few years, New Jersey-based biotechnology company Epicore Bionetworks is in research and expansion mode. The quarter ended March 31 saw ...
Georgia oyster season to close June 1 - Savannah Morning News
Georgia oyster season to close June 1
Savannah Morning News
According to the Centers for Disease Control and the Food and Drug Administration Vibrio illness cases due to consumption of raw oysters are under reported. The onset of the bacterial illness generally occurs within three days and common symptoms ...
Young Namibian Entrepreneur Gets Us Attention - AllAfrica.com
Young Namibian Entrepreneur Gets Us Attention
Cholera is caused by the vibrio cholera bacteria found in dirty or sewerage water. Hango said cholera could be prevented simply by purifying water with diluted chlorine. However, the product chlorine is not easily accessible to those living in rural areas.
|Strain annotated in NMPDR||Genome size, bp||Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs)||Named genes in subsystems||Named genes not in subsystems||Hypothetical genes in subsystems||Hypothetical genes not in subsystems||Subsystems||RNAs|
|Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01||5,160,431||4,489||1747(39.1%)||1662(37.2%)||56(1.3%)||1008(22.5%)||318||180|
|Vibrio angustum S14||5,101,447||4,381||1790(39.1%)||1660(36.3%)||56(1.2%)||1068(23.3%)||304||340|
|Vibrio cholerae 1587||4,137,501||3,270||1521(45.0%)||1166(34.5%)||48(1.4%)||644(19.1%)||331||232|
|Vibrio cholerae 2740-80||3,945,478||3,179||1494(45.7%)||1119(34.2%)||50(1.5%)||605(18.5%)||327||179|
|Vibrio cholerae AM-19226||4,056,157||3,226||1531(45.8%)||1157(34.6%)||51(1.5%)||601(18.0%)||330||232|
|Vibrio cholerae MAK 757||3,917,446||3,181||1553(47.2%)||1134(34.5%)||49(1.5%)||553(16.8%)||331||214|
|Vibrio cholerae MO10||4,024,286||3,445||1682(48.7%)||1101(31.9%)||66(1.9%)||607(17.6%)||352||113|
|Vibrio cholerae MZO-3||4,146,039||3,189||1499(45.7%)||1147(35.0%)||51(1.6%)||584(17.8%)||326||190|
|Vibrio cholerae NRT36s||4,204,651||4,435||1826(43.1%)||1474(34.8%)||70(1.7%)||864(20.4%)||344||56|
|Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961||4,033,464||3,908||1840(44.0%)||1216(29.1%)||68(1.6%)||1059(25.3%)||374||168|
|Vibrio cholerae O395||4,132,319||3,346||1640(47.3%)||1142(32.9%)||56(1.6%)||630(18.2%)||353||247|
|Vibrio fischeri ES114||4,284,050||3,799||1917(48.1%)||1204(30.2%)||49(1.2%)||813(20.4%)||358||314|
|Vibrio fischeri MJ11||4,478,154||3,932||1493(36.6%)||1576(38.6%)||37(0.9%)||973(23.9%)||266||262|
|Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116||6,058,377||4,250||1702(39.9%)||1740(40.8%)||40(0.9%)||780(18.3%)||336||194|
|Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633||5,165,770||4,867||2100(41.7%)||1572(31.2%)||77(1.5%)||1289(25.6%)||382||188|
|Vibrio sp. Ex25||4,839,877||4,239||1826(43.0%)||1434(33.7%)||76(1.8%)||914(21.5%)||357||135|
|Vibrio sp. MED222||4,891,901||4,301||1918(43.3%)||1358(30.7%)||56(1.3%)||1093(24.7%)||356||150|
|Vibrio splendidus 12B01||5,596,386||4,933||1944(38.6%)||1663(33.1%)||59(1.2%)||1364(27.1%)||363||123|
|Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6||5,126,798||4,515||1975(42.7%)||1575(34.0%)||69(1.5%)||1010(21.8%)||376||244|
|Vibrio vulnificus YJ016||5,260,086||4,929||2037(40.0%)||1496(29.4%)||68(1.3%)||1492(29.3%)||383||164|