Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

Read about Vibrio:

Hide info

Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

Hide info

Hide info

Vibrio - Google News

©2015 Google

Hong Kong man contracts Vibrio vulnificus from fish bone - Outbreak News Today


Outbreak News Today

Hong Kong man contracts Vibrio vulnificus from fish bone
Outbreak News Today
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium in the same family as those that cause cholera and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. It normally lives in warm seawater and is part of a group of vibrios that arecalled ...

Seafood Safety 101: Vibrio in Shellfish - Food Safety News


Food Safety News

Seafood Safety 101: Vibrio in Shellfish
Food Safety News
Of around a dozen Vibrio species that cause disease in people, two species V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus are most often associated with eating raw or undercooked seafood, particularly molluscan shellfish (oysters, clams, mussels, and ...

Vibrio control plan public hearings set for April 22 & 23 - Cape Cod Today


Cape Cod Today

Vibrio control plan public hearings set for April 22 & 23
Cape Cod Today
The Massachusetts Department of Marine Fisheries will host three public meetings to unveil the 2015 Massachusetts Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp) Control Plan for Oysters. All commonwealth commercial harvesters of oysters must comply with the plan ...

Structural biology A racemate to the rescue - Nature.com


Nature.com

Structural biology A racemate to the rescue
Nature.com
With the structure in hand, the authors were able to identify homologs among the S30Ae ribosome-associated proteins, a family that includes cold-shock proteins from Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae that inhibit translation during environmental ...

Temporal and spatial constraints on community assembly during microbial ... - Nature.com


Temporal and spatial constraints on community assembly during microbial ...
Nature.com
... a Vibrio, which was closed to Vibrio aestuarinus with 95% similarity (Otu2906), and an OTU similar (99%) to Desulfovibrio piezophilus (Otu6515), a sulfate reducer originally isolated from a deep-sea wood fall in the Mediterranean Sea (Khelaifia et ...

Rocket Science in a Bacterium - Discovery Institute


Discovery Institute

Rocket Science in a Bacterium
Discovery Institute
Indeed, Vibrio, the genus that includes cholera, and Pseudomonas, implicated in sepsis and other human diseases, contain T6SS machinery, as do at least 25 percent of gram-negative bacteria. Unfortunately, such questions are beyond the scope of the ...

The coral core microbiome identifies rare bacterial taxa as ubiquitous ... - Nature.com


The coral core microbiome identifies rare bacterial taxa as ubiquitous ...
Nature.com
In many cases, including algal bacteria and squid vibrio symbioses, it is often the phylotypes of low abundance in the surrounding environment (or members of the rare biosphere; Sogin et al., 2006) that form the most physiologically significant ...

'Big chill' ahead for Willapa shellfish: State Health mandates rapid cooling ... - Daily Astorian


Daily Astorian

'Big chill' ahead for Willapa shellfish: State Health mandates rapid cooling ...
Daily Astorian
These plans outline harvest methods, temperature control limits, environmental monitoring and more all designed to reduce the risk of illnesses associated with the pathogenic form of a bacteria found in oysters, Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Vibrio can ...

Cholera outbreak kills 20 in Ebonyi - TV360


Cholera outbreak kills 20 in Ebonyi
TV360
Meanwhile, the cholera disease otherwise known as blue death because a person's skin may turn blue, is an infection of the intestine by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe.The classic symptom is large ...

and more »

Toshiba Developing Food Poisoning Panel Using Isothermal Amplification ... - GenomeWeb


Toshiba Developing Food Poisoning Panel Using Isothermal Amplification ...
GenomeWeb
The chip can detect Salmonella, Campylobacter, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Shigella, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium perfringens, Bacillus cereus, Yersinia, Listeria, Vibrio cholerae, as well as enteropathogenic, enterotoxigenic, enterohemorrhagic, and ...

Hide info

Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.