Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

©2014 Google

Cape Cod oyster 'Vibrio' poisoning case to be heard in Hampshire Superior Court - MassLive.com


MassLive.com

Cape Cod oyster 'Vibrio' poisoning case to be heard in Hampshire Superior Court
MassLive.com
According to the complaint, the Roys were vacationing on Cape Cod in the summer of 2011, and that on July 2, John Roy consumed around eight raw oysters at Chapin's that contained elevated and toxic levels of the bacteria Vibrio parahaemolyticus.

Pinellas County reports 4th Vibrio vulnificus case of 2014 - Outbreak News Today


Barfblog (blog)

Pinellas County reports 4th Vibrio vulnificus case of 2014
Outbreak News Today
The Florida Department of Health (DOH) has reported an additional case of Vibriosis caused by the bacterium, Vibrio vulnificus in Pinellas County in the west-central part of the state. This is the fourth V. vulnificus case reported from Pinellas County ...
7 dead, 32 sick from Vibrio vulnificus in Florida in 2014Barfblog (blog)

all 2 news articles »

Florida DOH reports seven Vibrio deaths through November - Outbreak News Today


Florida DOH reports seven Vibrio deaths through November
Outbreak News Today
People can get infected with Vibrio vulnificus when they eat raw shellfish, particularly oysters. The bacterium is frequently isolated from oysters and other shellfish in warm coastal waters during the summer months. Since it is naturally found in warm ...

Two Vibrio vulnificus infections reported in Hong Kong - Outbreak News Today


Outbreak News Today

Two Vibrio vulnificus infections reported in Hong Kong
Outbreak News Today
The male patient's blood culture and the wound swab and left ring finger tissue culture of the female patient yielded Vibrio vulnificus (VV), a type of bacteria which can cause NF, upon laboratory testing by UCH. Both patients, with underlying ...

Nontoxigenic Vibrio cholerae Non-O1/O139 Isolate from a Case of Human ... - Journal of Clinical Microbiology


Nontoxigenic Vibrio cholerae Non-O1/O139 Isolate from a Case of Human ...
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
An occurrence of Vibrio cholerae non-O1/O139 gastroenteritis in the U.S. Gulf Coast is reported here. Genomic analysis revealed that the isolate lacked known virulence factors associated with the clinical outcome of a V. cholerae infection but did ...

and more »

Transcriptome analysis of the effect of Vibrio alginolyticus infection on the ... - 7thSpace Interactive (press release)


Transcriptome analysis of the effect of Vibrio alginolyticus infection on the ...
7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) with protogynous hermaphroditic features are one of the most economically important aquaculture species in Taiwan. However, larvae stage grouper are susceptible to infection by the bacterial pathogen Vibrio ...

Officials capture 15-foot python in Collier County - Orlando Sentinel


Orlando Sentinel

Officials capture 15-foot python in Collier County
Orlando Sentinel
You don't necessarily have to consume any kind of shellfish to contract vibrio vulnificus: you can get the flesh-eating bacteria just from swimming in the water. Through October 2013, 27 suspected cases were reported statewide, and at several of them ...

Common food illnesses - Herald Palladium (subscription)


Common food illnesses
Herald Palladium (subscription)
n Vibrio - Infection is usually from consumption of raw or undercooked seafood, especially oysters. When in a restaurant, order oysters thoroughly cooked. When purchased for home, the shells should be closed. Boil live oysters for 3-5 minutes, or steam ...

and more »

Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteria Bacteria in water claim woman's leg - CNN


wtvr.com

Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteria Bacteria in water claim woman's leg
CNN
(CNN) -- You've likely heard of a "flesh-eating bacteria" hitting Florida and other states this summer. While the bacteria are real, public health officials say the "flesh-eating" part is not. Vibrio vulnificus is a naturally occurring bacterium that ...
Vibrio infections not confined to Florida, are steadily rising in LouisianaThe Times-Picayune - NOLA.com
Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio VulnificusWJHG-TV
Aggressive bacteria found in Chesapeake Bay hospitalizes womanwtvr.com
myfox8.com -My Eastern Shore -WBOC TV 16
all 66 news articles »

Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria - CBS News


Headlines & Global News

Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria
CBS News
The two Sarasota people who contracted vibrio vulnificus were middle-aged and had medically compromising conditions, which may have left them more vulnerable. Michael Drennon, an epidemiologist at Sarasota County's health department, told CBS News ...
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus Found In Warm Florida Water (VIDEO)Headlines & Global News
Vibrio infections reported around the Chesapeake BayWTOP
Flesh-eating bacteria kills 1, sickens 1 in SarasotaNews 13 Orlando
ABC Action News -International Business Times UK
all 205 news articles »

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.