Read about Vibrio:
I. Organism Information
A. Taxonomy Information
a. V. cholerae
i. Taxonomy ID: 666
Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.
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Vibrio cholerae serotype O1
Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888
Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539
b. V. parahaemolyticus
c. V. vulnificus
B. Lifecycle and Morphology
1. V. cholerae
The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.
i. Shape: Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.
b. Host phase
The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.Hide info
Vibrio - Google News©2015 Google
Florida man dies of Vibrio infection after visiting Mississippi waters - SunHerald.com
Florida man dies of Vibrio infection after visiting Mississippi waters
The Florida Department of Health on Thursday also confirmed the state's fourth death from Vibrio vulnificus, which is a naturally occurring bacteria that is a bit more active in the summer, according to Anne Gayle Ellis, who is spokesperson for the ...
5th Vibrio Vulnificus Death Logged in Florida - Patch.com
5th Vibrio Vulnificus Death Logged in Florida
Vibrio vulnificus is often called the flesh-eating bacteria, but that's not an entirely accurate label, Burger said. Most people who come into contact with the bacteria don't show severe symptoms. Signs of exposure in normally healthy people include ...
Florida bacteria alert: Beware of warm saltwater if you have open cuts
Man dies after contracting bacterial infection while swimming at beach in ...
What is Vibrio Vulnificus and Should You Be Concerned? - Newsweek
What is Vibrio Vulnificus and Should You Be Concerned?
At least 10 people in the state have been infected with Vibrio vulnificus, and two have died this season after either swimming at a beach or eating raw shellfish that was contaminated with the bacteria. Here's what you need to know about the scary but ...
Frequently asked questions about the deadly saltwater bacteria Vibrio vulnificus
Deadly Vibrio Vulnificus Bacteria Kills Florida Swimmer: Are You in Danger?
Vibrio infections extremely rare, not 'flesh-eating,' state officials say
Eight Vibrio Infections, Including Two Deaths, Reported in Florida - Food Safety News
Food Safety News
Eight Vibrio Infections, Including Two Deaths, Reported in Florida
Food Safety News
Symptoms of Vibrio infection vary whether the bacterium is ingested in contaminated food or enters the body through an open would. If eaten in food, symptoms of the infection include vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. If contracted through a wound ...
'Flesh-Eating' Bacteria Vibrio vulnificus Has Hit Florida Beaches - But Don't ...
Vibrio Vulnificus: Rare Bacteria In Florida Seawater Has Infected Seven ...
Rare but serious infection, Vibrio Vulnificus, can be prevented with proper ...
Vibrio Vulnificus Kills 2; Beachgoers Risk Rare Warm-Weather Infection The ... - The Weather Channel
The Weather Channel
Vibrio Vulnificus Kills 2; Beachgoers Risk Rare Warm-Weather Infection The ...
The Weather Channel
In Florida, vibrio vulnificus, a bacterium that lives in warm saltwater, has killed two and sickened at least seven, Mara Burger, the press secretary for the Florida Department of Health, told weather.com. Vibrio vulnificus are extremely rare, Burger ...
2 cases of Vibrio vulnificus reported in Broward County - Local 10
2 cases of Vibrio vulnificus reported in Broward County
IT'S CALLED VIBRIO VULNIFICUS, A BACTERIA FOUND IN WARM SEAWATER. HEALTH OFFICIALS CONFIRMING TWO PEOPLE INFECTED IN BROWARD, ONE OF THOSE INFECTIONS ACQUIRED WITHIN THE COUNTY. IT'S WARM, AND I ALWAYS ...
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Kills Two in Florida as Water Temperatures Rise
Health Officials Say 'Flesh-Eating' Bacteria Poses No Threat To Florida Beaches
Bacteria found in ocean is dangerous, but rare
Take precautions against dangerous Vibrio bacteria - So Md News
Take precautions against dangerous Vibrio bacteria
So Md News
The purpose of this letter is to inform the public of the virulent bacterium called Vibrio vulnificus. The conditions for Vibrio vulnificus are present in the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries, according to the Maryland Department of the Environment ...
Potential Risk of Vibrio Infection from Chesapeake Bay - Bay Net
Potential Risk of Vibrio Infection from Chesapeake Bay
LEONARDTOWN, MD Vibriosis (vibrio) is a rare but potentially dangerous infection associated with swimming in natural waters, particularly warm bodies of salt or brackish water such as the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Maryland averages ...
Vibrio vulnificus: Florida Reports Eight Cases, Two Deaths - The Disease Daily
The Disease Daily
Vibrio vulnificus: Florida Reports Eight Cases, Two Deaths
The Disease Daily
Health officials in Florida have reported eight cases of Vibrio vulnificus infections, including two deaths, thus far in 2015. The cases were reported across seven counties and occurred on both the Gulf and Atlantic coasts . As we enter the summer ...
FDH: Vibrio Vulnificus not Flesh-eating bacteria
Louisiana reports four Vibrio vulnificus infections this year, warns public ... - Bayoubuzz
Louisiana reports four Vibrio vulnificus infections this year, warns public ...
The main culprit to keep in mind when you have an open wound is Vibrio vulnificus, otherwise known as flesh-eating bacteria, according to State Health Officer Dr. Jimmy Guidry. Vibrio vulnificus is more abundant in the summer. It normally lives in ...
|Strain annotated in NMPDR||Genome size, bp||Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs)||Named genes in subsystems||Named genes not in subsystems||Hypothetical genes in subsystems||Hypothetical genes not in subsystems||Subsystems||RNAs|
|Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01||5,160,431||4,489||1747(39.1%)||1662(37.2%)||56(1.3%)||1008(22.5%)||318||180|
|Vibrio angustum S14||5,101,447||4,381||1790(39.1%)||1660(36.3%)||56(1.2%)||1068(23.3%)||304||340|
|Vibrio cholerae 1587||4,137,501||3,270||1521(45.0%)||1166(34.5%)||48(1.4%)||644(19.1%)||331||232|
|Vibrio cholerae 2740-80||3,945,478||3,179||1494(45.7%)||1119(34.2%)||50(1.5%)||605(18.5%)||327||179|
|Vibrio cholerae AM-19226||4,056,157||3,226||1531(45.8%)||1157(34.6%)||51(1.5%)||601(18.0%)||330||232|
|Vibrio cholerae MAK 757||3,917,446||3,181||1553(47.2%)||1134(34.5%)||49(1.5%)||553(16.8%)||331||214|
|Vibrio cholerae MO10||4,024,286||3,445||1682(48.7%)||1101(31.9%)||66(1.9%)||607(17.6%)||352||113|
|Vibrio cholerae MZO-3||4,146,039||3,189||1499(45.7%)||1147(35.0%)||51(1.6%)||584(17.8%)||326||190|
|Vibrio cholerae NRT36s||4,204,651||4,435||1826(43.1%)||1474(34.8%)||70(1.7%)||864(20.4%)||344||56|
|Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961||4,033,464||3,908||1840(44.0%)||1216(29.1%)||68(1.6%)||1059(25.3%)||374||168|
|Vibrio cholerae O395||4,132,319||3,346||1640(47.3%)||1142(32.9%)||56(1.6%)||630(18.2%)||353||247|
|Vibrio fischeri ES114||4,284,050||3,799||1917(48.1%)||1204(30.2%)||49(1.2%)||813(20.4%)||358||314|
|Vibrio fischeri MJ11||4,478,154||3,932||1493(36.6%)||1576(38.6%)||37(0.9%)||973(23.9%)||266||262|
|Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116||6,058,377||4,250||1702(39.9%)||1740(40.8%)||40(0.9%)||780(18.3%)||336||194|
|Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633||5,165,770||4,867||2100(41.7%)||1572(31.2%)||77(1.5%)||1289(25.6%)||382||188|
|Vibrio sp. Ex25||4,839,877||4,239||1826(43.0%)||1434(33.7%)||76(1.8%)||914(21.5%)||357||135|
|Vibrio sp. MED222||4,891,901||4,301||1918(43.3%)||1358(30.7%)||56(1.3%)||1093(24.7%)||356||150|
|Vibrio splendidus 12B01||5,596,386||4,933||1944(38.6%)||1663(33.1%)||59(1.2%)||1364(27.1%)||363||123|
|Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6||5,126,798||4,515||1975(42.7%)||1575(34.0%)||69(1.5%)||1010(21.8%)||376||244|
|Vibrio vulnificus YJ016||5,260,086||4,929||2037(40.0%)||1496(29.4%)||68(1.3%)||1492(29.3%)||383||164|