Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

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New Vibrio cases reported from Pinellas and Volusia counties - Outbreak News Today


New Vibrio cases reported from Pinellas and Volusia counties
Outbreak News Today
Additional new Vibrio vulnificus cases reported from Pinellas and Volusia counties brings Florida's total cases for 2014 to 30, according to new data released by the Florida Department of Health this week. The number of fatalities from V. vulnificus ...

Florida Vibrio update: 2 additional cases reported, one death in Brevard County - Outbreak News Today


Florida Vibrio update: 2 additional cases reported, one death in Brevard County
Outbreak News Today
Vibriosis ( vibrio ) is a rare but potentially dangerous infection associated with swimming in natural waters, particularly warm bodies of salt or brackish water, or from eating contaminated seafood (usually raw or undercooked oysters). Among healthy ...

Test results of targeted surveillance on Vibrio parahaemolyticus in ready-to ... - 7thSpace Interactive (press release)


Test results of targeted surveillance on Vibrio parahaemolyticus in ready-to ...
7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Hong Kong (HKSAR) - The Centre for Food Safety (CFS) of the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department has found that test results for samples collected in a recently completed targeted food surveillance project on Vibrio parahaemolyticus in ...

Shellfish Harvesting Regulations for Darien, Westport and Norwalk Now ... - Patch.com


Shellfish Harvesting Regulations for Darien, Westport and Norwalk Now ...
Patch.com
In the summer of 2013, at least 23 cases of Vibrio parahaemolyticus causing severe gastrointestinal illness were connected to shellfish consumed from Connecticut waters, mainly off Westport, Norwalk, and Darien. Another 15 cases were suspected of being ...

and more »

Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria - CBS News


Headlines & Global News

Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria
CBS News
Vibrio is an infection caused by a bacteria found in warm saltwater. It's in the same family of bacterium that causes cholera. The vibrio vulnificus bacteria occur naturally in coastal waters, especially in the summer months. Symptoms include stomach ...
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus Found In Warm Florida Water (VIDEO)Headlines & Global News
Vibrio infections reported around the Chesapeake BayWTOP
Flesh-eating bacteria kills 1, sickens 1 in SarasotaNews 13 Orlando
International Business Times UK -CBS Local
all 205 news articles »

Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteria Bacteria in water claim woman's leg - CNN


wtvr.com

Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteria Bacteria in water claim woman's leg
CNN
(CNN) -- You've likely heard of a "flesh-eating bacteria" hitting Florida and other states this summer. While the bacteria are real, public health officials say the "flesh-eating" part is not. Vibrio vulnificus is a naturally occurring bacterium that ...
Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio VulnificusWJHG-TV
Vibrio infections not confined to Florida, are steadily rising in LouisianaThe Times-Picayune - NOLA.com
Aggressive bacteria found in Chesapeake Bay hospitalizes womanwtvr.com
myfox8.com -WBOC TV 16
all 66 news articles »

Wrong Bacteria Framed for Oyster Disaster - Nature World News


Nature World News

Wrong Bacteria Framed for Oyster Disaster
Nature World News
For the last several years, large oyster hatcheries in the Pacific Northwest were thought to be facing massive declines due to infections of the bacteria Vibrio tubiashii. Now researchers are saying that experts may have framed the wrong guy, with the ...
Deadly oyster bacteria misidentified for yearsFIS
Deadly Oyster Bacteria Mistakenly Identified by ScientistsTheFishSite.com

all 4 news articles »

Vibrio Warnings: How to Avoid Ocean-Dwelling Bacteria - LiveScience.com


Vibrio Warnings: How to Avoid Ocean-Dwelling Bacteria
LiveScience.com
But those summertime activities can have some nasty side effects including an infection caused by marine bacteria called Vibrio vulnificus. Last week, a Louisiana man died from an infection from the bacteria that he acquired over the July 4th ...

Officials: Don't call it 'flesh eating bacteria' - WTSP 10 News


WTSP 10 News

Officials: Don't call it 'flesh eating bacteria'
WTSP 10 News
It's not a medical term and has been used to describe multiple bacterial infections that can lead to a condition known as "necrotizing fasciitis," most commonly attributed to the Vibrio vulnificus bacteria. Vibrio's been in the headlines recently ...
Always be on alert for signs of vibrio infectionMontgomery Advertiser
Florida health officials try to clear up Vibrio mythsOutbreak News Today
Vibrio not flesh-eating bacteria, DOH saysKeysNews.com (registration)
FlaglerLive.com -Diabetes Insider -WBAL Baltimore
all 56 news articles »

Former Lexington Mayor Foster Pettit Dies - WUKY


WUKY

Former Lexington Mayor Foster Pettit Dies
WUKY
Former Lexington Mayor Foster Pettit died due to complications of a vibrio infection. He was 84. Credit www.lex18.com. The Lexington Herald-Leader reports Pettit was battling a life-threatening bacterial infection. For the last few weeks, he was being ...
Former Lexington Mayor Dies From Bacterial InfectionWTVQ
Mayor Gray Releases Statement On Former Mayor's DeathLEX18 Lexington KY News

all 7 news articles »

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.