Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

Read about Vibrio:

Hide info

Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

Hide info

Hide info

Vibrio - Google News

©2015 Google

CDC Report Shows Vibrio, A Deadly Type Of Food Poisoning, Is On The Rise - Huffington Post


Maine News Online

CDC Report Shows Vibrio, A Deadly Type Of Food Poisoning, Is On The Rise
Huffington Post
More troubling still, though, was the change in infections caused by bacteria of the genus vibrio, which is usually spread by the consumption of raw shellfish, especially oysters. Vibrio poisonings in the FoodNet system shot up by a shocking 52 percent ...
CDC report on US battle against food contamination shows mixed resultsMaine News Online

all 114 news articles »

The Florida Department of Health Offers Tips to Prevent Vibrio Vulnificus - My Panhandle


My Panhandle

The Florida Department of Health Offers Tips to Prevent Vibrio Vulnificus
My Panhandle
The Florida Department of Health wants the public to know how to prevent getting a Vibrio Vulnificus infection. The Florida Department of Health in Bay County encourages individuals to remain aware of the slight risk of a bacterial infection, Vibrio ...

Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus In US Oceans, What's The Real Risk Of ... - International Business Times


International Business Times

Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus In US Oceans, What's The Real Risk Of ...
International Business Times
The bacteria, Vibrio vulnificus, kill one in three people who become infected and thrive in warm, saltwater environments. With summer beach weather on its way, some have wondered whether the threat of the bacterium means families are better off staying ...

More 'flesh-eating bacteria' in Gulf of Mexico as waters warm up - SunHerald.com


SunHerald.com

More 'flesh-eating bacteria' in Gulf of Mexico as waters warm up
SunHerald.com
The warming of Gulf Coast waters in summer's approach means an increase in Vibrio vulnificus, often called "flesh-eating bacteria." It sounds frightening, and has been for at least two people who each had a leg amputated in April after fishing or beach ...

New regs to control Vibrio in raw oysters - Barfblog (blog)


Barfblog (blog)

New regs to control Vibrio in raw oysters
Barfblog (blog)
Lifelong Brisbane residents I know will not eat oysters, raw or cooked (and we have an abundant supply of oysters, and lifelong Brisbane residents). raw.oysters.wash JoNel Aleccia of The Seattle Times writes that when a work trip sent Jill Poretta ...
Tighter rules aim to limit seafood poisoning from raw oystersThe Seattle Times

all 2 news articles »

Food Poisoning: E.coli cases down, Vibrio cases up, Reports CDC - Headlines & Global News


Gastroenterology & Endoscopy News

Food Poisoning: E.coli cases down, Vibrio cases up, Reports CDC
Headlines & Global News
Vibrio cases, however, are on the rise, said the CDC and as reported on Maine News Online. The illness is most commonly associated with seafood. The CDC report showed that at least 19,000 cases relating to "vibrio vulnificus" were tracked last year ...
News Scan for May 19, 2015CIDRAP
New data shows reductions in foodborne illnessesFeedstuffs
CDC says overall rate of foodborne infections remains the same in 2014Farm Futures
WorldPoultry.net
all 8 news articles »

Martin County health officials offer 'Healthy Summer Tips': Naegleria, Vibrio ... - Outbreak News Today


Martin County health officials offer 'Healthy Summer Tips': Naegleria, Vibrio ...
Outbreak News Today
As area residents prepare for the summer season, the Florida Department of Health in Martin County is offering these tips for staying healthy in the coming months. Avoid contact with algae. Residents are urged to avoid contact with visible algae in the ...

US shrimp probiotics supplier ups research, sales efforts on back of EMS ... - Undercurrent News


Undercurrent News

US shrimp probiotics supplier ups research, sales efforts on back of EMS ...
Undercurrent News
On the heels of increased sales spurred by early mortality syndrome (EMS)-caused high shrimp prices the past few years, New Jersey-based biotechnology company Epicore Bionetworks is in research and expansion mode. The quarter ended March 31 saw ...

Georgia oyster season to close June 1 - Savannah Morning News


Georgia oyster season to close June 1
Savannah Morning News
According to the Centers for Disease Control and the Food and Drug Administration Vibrio illness cases due to consumption of raw oysters are under reported. The onset of the bacterial illness generally occurs within three days and common symptoms ...

Young Namibian Entrepreneur Gets Us Attention - AllAfrica.com


Young Namibian Entrepreneur Gets Us Attention
AllAfrica.com
Cholera is caused by the vibrio cholera bacteria found in dirty or sewerage water. Hango said cholera could be prevented simply by purifying water with diluted chlorine. However, the product chlorine is not easily accessible to those living in rural areas.

and more »

Hide info

Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.