Read about Vibrio:
I. Organism Information
A. Taxonomy Information
a. V. cholerae
i. Taxonomy ID: 666
Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.
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Vibrio cholerae serotype O1
Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888
Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539
b. V. parahaemolyticus
c. V. vulnificus
B. Lifecycle and Morphology
1. V. cholerae
The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.
i. Shape: Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.
b. Host phase
The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.Hide info
Vibrio - Google News©2014 Google
Cape Cod oyster 'Vibrio' poisoning case to be heard in Hampshire Superior Court - MassLive.com
Cape Cod oyster 'Vibrio' poisoning case to be heard in Hampshire Superior Court
According to the complaint, the Roys were vacationing on Cape Cod in the summer of 2011, and that on July 2, John Roy consumed around eight raw oysters at Chapin's that contained elevated and toxic levels of the bacteria Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
Pinellas County reports 4th Vibrio vulnificus case of 2014 - Outbreak News Today
Pinellas County reports 4th Vibrio vulnificus case of 2014
Outbreak News Today
The Florida Department of Health (DOH) has reported an additional case of Vibriosis caused by the bacterium, Vibrio vulnificus in Pinellas County in the west-central part of the state. This is the fourth V. vulnificus case reported from Pinellas County ...
7 dead, 32 sick from Vibrio vulnificus in Florida in 2014
Florida DOH reports seven Vibrio deaths through November - Outbreak News Today
Florida DOH reports seven Vibrio deaths through November
Outbreak News Today
People can get infected with Vibrio vulnificus when they eat raw shellfish, particularly oysters. The bacterium is frequently isolated from oysters and other shellfish in warm coastal waters during the summer months. Since it is naturally found in warm ...
Two Vibrio vulnificus infections reported in Hong Kong - Outbreak News Today
Outbreak News Today
Two Vibrio vulnificus infections reported in Hong Kong
Outbreak News Today
The male patient's blood culture and the wound swab and left ring finger tissue culture of the female patient yielded Vibrio vulnificus (VV), a type of bacteria which can cause NF, upon laboratory testing by UCH. Both patients, with underlying ...
Nontoxigenic Vibrio cholerae Non-O1/O139 Isolate from a Case of Human ... - Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Nontoxigenic Vibrio cholerae Non-O1/O139 Isolate from a Case of Human ...
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
An occurrence of Vibrio cholerae non-O1/O139 gastroenteritis in the U.S. Gulf Coast is reported here. Genomic analysis revealed that the isolate lacked known virulence factors associated with the clinical outcome of a V. cholerae infection but did ...
Transcriptome analysis of the effect of Vibrio alginolyticus infection on the ... - 7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Transcriptome analysis of the effect of Vibrio alginolyticus infection on the ...
7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) with protogynous hermaphroditic features are one of the most economically important aquaculture species in Taiwan. However, larvae stage grouper are susceptible to infection by the bacterial pathogen Vibrio ...
Officials capture 15-foot python in Collier County - Orlando Sentinel
Officials capture 15-foot python in Collier County
You don't necessarily have to consume any kind of shellfish to contract vibrio vulnificus: you can get the flesh-eating bacteria just from swimming in the water. Through October 2013, 27 suspected cases were reported statewide, and at several of them ...
Common food illnesses - Herald Palladium (subscription)
Common food illnesses
Herald Palladium (subscription)
n Vibrio - Infection is usually from consumption of raw or undercooked seafood, especially oysters. When in a restaurant, order oysters thoroughly cooked. When purchased for home, the shells should be closed. Boil live oysters for 3-5 minutes, or steam ...
Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteria Bacteria in water claim woman's leg - CNN
Vibrio vulnificus: A summertime bacteria Bacteria in water claim woman's leg
(CNN) -- You've likely heard of a "flesh-eating bacteria" hitting Florida and other states this summer. While the bacteria are real, public health officials say the "flesh-eating" part is not. Vibrio vulnificus is a naturally occurring bacterium that ...
Vibrio infections not confined to Florida, are steadily rising in Louisiana
Bay County Health Officials Explain Vibrio Vulnificus
Aggressive bacteria found in Chesapeake Bay hospitalizes woman
Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria - CBS News
Headlines & Global News
Florida health officials warn of deadly vibrio bacteria
The two Sarasota people who contracted vibrio vulnificus were middle-aged and had medically compromising conditions, which may have left them more vulnerable. Michael Drennon, an epidemiologist at Sarasota County's health department, told CBS News ...
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus Found In Warm Florida Water (VIDEO)
Vibrio infections reported around the Chesapeake Bay
Flesh-eating bacteria kills 1, sickens 1 in Sarasota
|Strain annotated in NMPDR||Genome size, bp||Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs)||Named genes in subsystems||Named genes not in subsystems||Hypothetical genes in subsystems||Hypothetical genes not in subsystems||Subsystems||RNAs|
|Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01||5,160,431||4,489||1747(39.1%)||1662(37.2%)||56(1.3%)||1008(22.5%)||318||180|
|Vibrio angustum S14||5,101,447||4,381||1790(39.1%)||1660(36.3%)||56(1.2%)||1068(23.3%)||304||340|
|Vibrio cholerae 1587||4,137,501||3,270||1521(45.0%)||1166(34.5%)||48(1.4%)||644(19.1%)||331||232|
|Vibrio cholerae 2740-80||3,945,478||3,179||1494(45.7%)||1119(34.2%)||50(1.5%)||605(18.5%)||327||179|
|Vibrio cholerae AM-19226||4,056,157||3,226||1531(45.8%)||1157(34.6%)||51(1.5%)||601(18.0%)||330||232|
|Vibrio cholerae MAK 757||3,917,446||3,181||1553(47.2%)||1134(34.5%)||49(1.5%)||553(16.8%)||331||214|
|Vibrio cholerae MO10||4,024,286||3,445||1682(48.7%)||1101(31.9%)||66(1.9%)||607(17.6%)||352||113|
|Vibrio cholerae MZO-3||4,146,039||3,189||1499(45.7%)||1147(35.0%)||51(1.6%)||584(17.8%)||326||190|
|Vibrio cholerae NRT36s||4,204,651||4,435||1826(43.1%)||1474(34.8%)||70(1.7%)||864(20.4%)||344||56|
|Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961||4,033,464||3,908||1840(44.0%)||1216(29.1%)||68(1.6%)||1059(25.3%)||374||168|
|Vibrio cholerae O395||4,132,319||3,346||1640(47.3%)||1142(32.9%)||56(1.6%)||630(18.2%)||353||247|
|Vibrio fischeri ES114||4,284,050||3,799||1917(48.1%)||1204(30.2%)||49(1.2%)||813(20.4%)||358||314|
|Vibrio fischeri MJ11||4,478,154||3,932||1493(36.6%)||1576(38.6%)||37(0.9%)||973(23.9%)||266||262|
|Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116||6,058,377||4,250||1702(39.9%)||1740(40.8%)||40(0.9%)||780(18.3%)||336||194|
|Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633||5,165,770||4,867||2100(41.7%)||1572(31.2%)||77(1.5%)||1289(25.6%)||382||188|
|Vibrio sp. Ex25||4,839,877||4,239||1826(43.0%)||1434(33.7%)||76(1.8%)||914(21.5%)||357||135|
|Vibrio sp. MED222||4,891,901||4,301||1918(43.3%)||1358(30.7%)||56(1.3%)||1093(24.7%)||356||150|
|Vibrio splendidus 12B01||5,596,386||4,933||1944(38.6%)||1663(33.1%)||59(1.2%)||1364(27.1%)||363||123|
|Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6||5,126,798||4,515||1975(42.7%)||1575(34.0%)||69(1.5%)||1010(21.8%)||376||244|
|Vibrio vulnificus YJ016||5,260,086||4,929||2037(40.0%)||1496(29.4%)||68(1.3%)||1492(29.3%)||383||164|