Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

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Lake Okeechobee discharges create perfect habitat for deadly Vibrio bacteria in St. Lucie River, Indian River Lagoon - TCPalm


TCPalm

Lake Okeechobee discharges create perfect habitat for deadly Vibrio bacteria in St. Lucie River, Indian River Lagoon
TCPalm
Water with a salinity level between 5 parts per thousand and 25 parts per thousand is likely to contain Vibrio, said Gabrielle Barbarite, a graduate student at Florida Atlantic University's Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute at Fort Pierce, who has ...

100 sickened: Fancy food ain't safe food, Spain edition, with Vibrio in shrimp - Barfblog (blog)


100 sickened: Fancy food ain't safe food, Spain edition, with Vibrio in shrimp
Barfblog (blog)
We describe an outbreak of seafood-associated Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Galicia, Spain in on 18th of August 2012 affecting 100 of the 114 passengers travelling on a food banquet cruise boat. Epidemiological information from 65 people was available ...

ENC scientist develops test for safely consuming raw oysters - Public Radio East


Public Radio East

ENC scientist develops test for safely consuming raw oysters
Public Radio East
That's Research Assistant Professor at the Institute of Marine Sciences in Morehead City Brett Froelich talking about vibrio bacteria, a naturally occurring bacterium common in coastal waters. Raw oysters as with any raw food product, being uncooked ...

Vibrio Poisoning Has Killed 13 People in Florida This Year - Eater


Eater

Vibrio Poisoning Has Killed 13 People in Florida This Year
Eater
Vibrio is largely spread via the consumption of raw shellfish, particularly oysters; thoroughly cooking seafood is said to kill the bacteria. Earlier this year the Centers for Disease Control issued a warning about Vibrio, noting that there has been a ...
Vibrio Outbreak in Florida Highest in YearsFood Poisoning Bulletin
Potentially deadly bacteria infects highest number in Florida in yearsSun Sentinel

all 3 news articles »

We might be able to train our bodies into thinking we've had medicine and it could have serious implications for ... - Daily News


We might be able to train our bodies into thinking we've had medicine and it could have serious implications for ...
Daily News
Then he gave them and another group of guinea pigs that hadn't had this conditioning a normally lethal dose of Vibrio cholerae bacteria, at the same time as warming their skin. The unconditioned animals died within 8 hours, Metalnikov reported ...

Massachusetts Officials Close Some Oyster Beds After Vibrio Outbreak - Food Safety News


Food Safety News

Massachusetts Officials Close Some Oyster Beds After Vibrio Outbreak
Food Safety News
Commercial oyster beds are scheduled to reopen at sunrise on Thursday, Oct. 8, 2015. If 10 or more confirmed Vibrio illnesses are linked to oysters harvested from an area within a 30-day period, the FDA-enforced closure would be extended to 21 days.
Vibrio Outbreak Closes Massachusetts Oyster BedsFood Poisoning Bulletin
Vibrio parahaemolyticus cases linked to commercial oyster bedsOutbreak News Today

all 3 news articles »

Ocean's plastics offer a floating fortress to a mess of microbes - Science News


Science News

Ocean's plastics offer a floating fortress to a mess of microbes
Science News
Vibrio a fast-growing group of microbes, some of which can cause disease in fish and humans has been found living on plastics in a couple of studies. Nearly a quarter of the microbe community from one piece of plastic from the Zettler 2013 study ...

You Can Train Your Body Into Thinking It's Had Medicine - New Republic


New Republic

You Can Train Your Body Into Thinking It's Had Medicine
New Republic
Then he gave them and another group of guinea pigs that hadn't had this conditioning a normally lethal dose of Vibrio cholerae bacteria, at the same time as warming their skin. The unconditioned animals died within 8 hours, Metalnikov reported ...

and more »

What is Vibrio Vulnificus and Should You Be Concerned? - Newsweek


Newsweek

What is Vibrio Vulnificus and Should You Be Concerned?
Newsweek
At least 10 people in the state have been infected with Vibrio vulnificus, and two have died this season after either swimming at a beach or eating raw shellfish that was contaminated with the bacteria. Here's what you need to know about the scary but ...
Frequently asked questions about the deadly saltwater bacteria Vibrio vulnificusWFLA
Deadly Vibrio Vulnificus Bacteria Kills Florida Swimmer: Are You in Danger?Yahoo Health
4th Vibrio Vulnificus Death Confirmed in FloridaPatch.com
KeysNews.com (registration) -USA TODAY -Outbreak News Today
all 102 news articles »

2 cases of skin-eating bacteria 'Vibrio' reported in Mobile County - AL.com


AL.com

2 cases of skin-eating bacteria 'Vibrio' reported in Mobile County
AL.com
Two people have been diagnosed with the bacteria Vibrio vulnificus in Mobile County since October 13, according to the Mobile County Health Department. One was treated and released from a local hospital. The other person, who has other underlying ...
2 hospitalized in Alabama for flesh eating bacteriaWIAT 42

all 4 news articles »

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.