Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Vibrionales; Vibrionaceae;

Vibrio

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Vibrio

I. Organism Information

A. Taxonomy Information

1. Species

a. V. cholerae

i. Taxonomy ID: 666

ii. Description:

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.

To contribute a blurb on serotypes, biotypes, or handling the organism in healthcare or laboratory facilities, please contact help@nmpdr.org Your contribution will be credited with a byline.

iii. Variants

Vibrio cholerae serotype O1

Taxonomy ID: 127906 

Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888 

Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539 

b. V. parahaemolyticus

c. V. vulnificus

B. Lifecycle and Morphology

1. V. cholerae

a. Free-swimming

The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.

i.   Shape:  Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.

b. Host phase

The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.

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Vibrio - Google News

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Florida man dies of Vibrio infection after visiting Mississippi waters - SunHerald.com


SunHerald.com

Florida man dies of Vibrio infection after visiting Mississippi waters
SunHerald.com
The Florida Department of Health on Thursday also confirmed the state's fourth death from Vibrio vulnificus, which is a naturally occurring bacteria that is a bit more active in the summer, according to Anne Gayle Ellis, who is spokesperson for the ...

5th Vibrio Vulnificus Death Logged in Florida - Patch.com


Patch.com

5th Vibrio Vulnificus Death Logged in Florida
Patch.com
Vibrio vulnificus is often called the flesh-eating bacteria, but that's not an entirely accurate label, Burger said. Most people who come into contact with the bacteria don't show severe symptoms. Signs of exposure in normally healthy people include ...
Florida bacteria alert: Beware of warm saltwater if you have open cutsQuad-Cities Online
Man dies after contracting bacterial infection while swimming at beach in ...NYC Today

all 3 news articles »

What is Vibrio Vulnificus and Should You Be Concerned? - Newsweek


Newsweek

What is Vibrio Vulnificus and Should You Be Concerned?
Newsweek
At least 10 people in the state have been infected with Vibrio vulnificus, and two have died this season after either swimming at a beach or eating raw shellfish that was contaminated with the bacteria. Here's what you need to know about the scary but ...
Frequently asked questions about the deadly saltwater bacteria Vibrio vulnificusWFLA
Deadly Vibrio Vulnificus Bacteria Kills Florida Swimmer: Are You in Danger?Yahoo Health
Vibrio infections extremely rare, not 'flesh-eating,' state officials sayKeysNews.com (registration)
Pioneer News -WTSP 10 News
all 102 news articles »

Eight Vibrio Infections, Including Two Deaths, Reported in Florida - Food Safety News


Food Safety News

Eight Vibrio Infections, Including Two Deaths, Reported in Florida
Food Safety News
Symptoms of Vibrio infection vary whether the bacterium is ingested in contaminated food or enters the body through an open would. If eaten in food, symptoms of the infection include vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. If contracted through a wound ...
'Flesh-Eating' Bacteria Vibrio vulnificus Has Hit Florida Beaches - But Don't ...Tech Times
Vibrio Vulnificus: Rare Bacteria In Florida Seawater Has Infected Seven ...International Business Times
Rare but serious infection, Vibrio Vulnificus, can be prevented with proper ...ABC Action News
CBS News -Orlando Sentinel -UPI.com
all 246 news articles »

Vibrio Vulnificus Kills 2; Beachgoers Risk Rare Warm-Weather Infection The ... - The Weather Channel


The Weather Channel

Vibrio Vulnificus Kills 2; Beachgoers Risk Rare Warm-Weather Infection The ...
The Weather Channel
In Florida, vibrio vulnificus, a bacterium that lives in warm saltwater, has killed two and sickened at least seven, Mara Burger, the press secretary for the Florida Department of Health, told weather.com. Vibrio vulnificus are extremely rare, Burger ...

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2 cases of Vibrio vulnificus reported in Broward County - Local 10


Local 10

2 cases of Vibrio vulnificus reported in Broward County
Local 10
IT'S CALLED VIBRIO VULNIFICUS, A BACTERIA FOUND IN WARM SEAWATER. HEALTH OFFICIALS CONFIRMING TWO PEOPLE INFECTED IN BROWARD, ONE OF THOSE INFECTIONS ACQUIRED WITHIN THE COUNTY. IT'S WARM, AND I ALWAYS ...
Flesh-Eating Bacteria Kills Two in Florida as Water Temperatures RiseAccuWeather.com
Health Officials Say 'Flesh-Eating' Bacteria Poses No Threat To Florida BeachesSpaceCoastDaily.com
Bacteria found in ocean is dangerous, but rarePensacola News Journal
Florida Today -Times Gazette
all 83 news articles »

Take precautions against dangerous Vibrio bacteria - So Md News


Take precautions against dangerous Vibrio bacteria
So Md News
The purpose of this letter is to inform the public of the virulent bacterium called Vibrio vulnificus. The conditions for Vibrio vulnificus are present in the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries, according to the Maryland Department of the Environment ...

Potential Risk of Vibrio Infection from Chesapeake Bay - Bay Net


Bay Net

Potential Risk of Vibrio Infection from Chesapeake Bay
Bay Net
LEONARDTOWN, MD Vibriosis (vibrio) is a rare but potentially dangerous infection associated with swimming in natural waters, particularly warm bodies of salt or brackish water such as the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Maryland averages ...

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Vibrio vulnificus: Florida Reports Eight Cases, Two Deaths - The Disease Daily


The Disease Daily

Vibrio vulnificus: Florida Reports Eight Cases, Two Deaths
The Disease Daily
Health officials in Florida have reported eight cases of Vibrio vulnificus infections, including two deaths, thus far in 2015. The cases were reported across seven counties and occurred on both the Gulf and Atlantic coasts [1]. As we enter the summer ...
FDH: Vibrio Vulnificus not Flesh-eating bacteria Santa Rosa Press Gazette

all 3 news articles »

Louisiana reports four Vibrio vulnificus infections this year, warns public ... - Bayoubuzz


Bayoubuzz

Louisiana reports four Vibrio vulnificus infections this year, warns public ...
Bayoubuzz
The main culprit to keep in mind when you have an open wound is Vibrio vulnificus, otherwise known as flesh-eating bacteria, according to State Health Officer Dr. Jimmy Guidry. Vibrio vulnificus is more abundant in the summer. It normally lives in ...

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Vibrio genome sequence annotation status: click numbers to browse lists of genes or subsystems

Strain annotated in NMPDR Genome size, bp Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs) Sort Named genes in subsystems Named genes not in subsystems Hypothetical genes in subsystems Hypothetical genes not in subsystems Subsystems RNAs
Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01 5,160,431 4,489 1747(39.1%) 1662(37.2%) 56(1.3%) 1008(22.5%) 318 180
Vibrio angustum S14 5,101,447 4,381 1790(39.1%) 1660(36.3%) 56(1.2%) 1068(23.3%) 304 340
Vibrio cholerae 1587 4,137,501 3,270 1521(45.0%) 1166(34.5%) 48(1.4%) 644(19.1%) 331 232
Vibrio cholerae 2740-80 3,945,478 3,179 1494(45.7%) 1119(34.2%) 50(1.5%) 605(18.5%) 327 179
Vibrio cholerae AM-19226 4,056,157 3,226 1531(45.8%) 1157(34.6%) 51(1.5%) 601(18.0%) 330 232
Vibrio cholerae MAK 757 3,917,446 3,181 1553(47.2%) 1134(34.5%) 49(1.5%) 553(16.8%) 331 214
Vibrio cholerae MO10 4,024,286 3,445 1682(48.7%) 1101(31.9%) 66(1.9%) 607(17.6%) 352 113
Vibrio cholerae MZO-3 4,146,039 3,189 1499(45.7%) 1147(35.0%) 51(1.6%) 584(17.8%) 326 190
Vibrio cholerae NRT36s 4,204,651 4,435 1826(43.1%) 1474(34.8%) 70(1.7%) 864(20.4%) 344 56
Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961 4,033,464 3,908 1840(44.0%) 1216(29.1%) 68(1.6%) 1059(25.3%) 374 168
Vibrio cholerae O395 4,132,319 3,346 1640(47.3%) 1142(32.9%) 56(1.6%) 630(18.2%) 353 247
Vibrio fischeri ES114 4,284,050 3,799 1917(48.1%) 1204(30.2%) 49(1.2%) 813(20.4%) 358 314
Vibrio fischeri MJ11 4,478,154 3,932 1493(36.6%) 1576(38.6%) 37(0.9%) 973(23.9%) 266 262
Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116 6,058,377 4,250 1702(39.9%) 1740(40.8%) 40(0.9%) 780(18.3%) 336 194
Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633 5,165,770 4,867 2100(41.7%) 1572(31.2%) 77(1.5%) 1289(25.6%) 382 188
Vibrio sp. Ex25 4,839,877 4,239 1826(43.0%) 1434(33.7%) 76(1.8%) 914(21.5%) 357 135
Vibrio sp. MED222 4,891,901 4,301 1918(43.3%) 1358(30.7%) 56(1.3%) 1093(24.7%) 356 150
Vibrio splendidus 12B01 5,596,386 4,933 1944(38.6%) 1663(33.1%) 59(1.2%) 1364(27.1%) 363 123
Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6 5,126,798 4,515 1975(42.7%) 1575(34.0%) 69(1.5%) 1010(21.8%) 376 244
Vibrio vulnificus YJ016 5,260,086 4,929 2037(40.0%) 1496(29.4%) 68(1.3%) 1492(29.3%) 383 164

Topic revision: r3 - 23 Aug 2008 - 11:09:07 - Bruce Parrello
 
Notice to NMPDR Users - The NMPDR BRC contract has ended and bacterial data from NMPDR has been transferred to PATRIC (http://www.patricbrc.org), a new consolidated BRC for all NIAID category A-C priority pathogenic bacteria. NMPDR was a collaboration among researchers from the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago, the Fellowship for Interpretation of Genomes (FIG), Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois. NMPDR is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract HHSN266200400042C. Banner images are copyright © Dennis Kunkel.