Read about Vibrio:
I. Organism Information
A. Taxonomy Information
a. V. cholerae
i. Taxonomy ID: 666
Vibrio cholerae is a Gram negative, motile, curved rod. Its main portal of entry is via oral ingestion of contaminated food or water. More than 138 serogroups are known. Serogroup O1 is responsible for pandemic cholera and is divided into two biotypes, Classical and El Tor. The El Tor biotype is responsible for the current cholera pandemic.
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Vibrio cholerae serotype O1
Vibrio cholerae serotype O139
Taxonomy ID: 45888
Vibrio cholerae serotype non-O1/non-O139
Taxonomy ID: 156539
b. V. parahaemolyticus
c. V. vulnificus
B. Lifecycle and Morphology
1. V. cholerae
The vibrio life cycle consists of a free-swimming phase in marine and estuarine environments in association with zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, and water plants. Vibrios interact with various surfaces found in the environment to generate biofilms, which may promote survival.
i. Shape: Flagellated cell is 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 1.4-2.6 µm in length. Monotrichous or multitrichous flagella are enclosed in a sheath continuous with the outer membrane of the cell wall. On solid media, cells may produce numerous lateral flagella with a wavelength shorter than that of the sheathed polar flagellum.
b. Host phase
The host phase of the vibrio life cycle is only possible through the action of a group of virulence genes in the ToxR regulon controlled by a complex and incompletely understood regulatory cascade. The ToxR regulon colonization and toxin genes are coordinately expressed in response to specific host signals that have yet to be completely defined.Hide info
Vibrio - Google News©2016 Google
Texas Warns Swimmers of Vibrio after Contractions - KRGV
Texas Warns Swimmers of Vibrio after Contractions
SOUTH PADRE ISLAND Vibrio is known to be a flesh-eating bacterium. It is reported that two people came in contact with the bacteria along the Texas Gulf Coast. There are 28 cases of Vibrio across Texas and 43 percent of those were from water contact ...
Vibrio-related infections in Texas are rare but very serious
Expert weighs in on chances of getting Vibrio - KRIS Corpus Christi News
KRIS Corpus Christi News
Expert weighs in on chances of getting Vibrio
KRIS Corpus Christi News
There are still questions about how Austin-area Adrian Ruiz contracted Vibrio, the so-called flesh eating bacteria, while visiting the Coastal Bend. Dr. Gregory Buck, a PhD biology and biomedical sciences professor at Texas A&M University Corpus ...
TAMUCC Professor Discusses Vibrio
Port Aransas officials: Vibrio may not have been contracted within city limits
Local man fighting flesh-eating symptoms from Vibrio infection
Swimmers beware: Flesh eating bacteria found in Florida beaches - Pulse Headlines
Swimmers beware: Flesh eating bacteria found in Florida beaches
One can become infected with Vibrio vulnificus through ingestion, especially where eating undercooked mollusks or contact in water with an open wound, including blisters, scrapes, and even small cuts on the skin. Infection by Vibrio organisms is known ...
TV report about bacteria in local waters was false, local officials say
No flesh-eating bacteria in local Gulf water
Flesh Eating Bacteria Warning in Florida Panhandle Beach? Swimming Halted
State releases vibrio health advisory - Victoria Advocate
State releases vibrio health advisory
Each year during the warmer months, there are reports of people contracting "flesh-eating" bacteria after visiting Gulf Coast beaches. State public health officials have released an advisory on the prevention of vibriosis and urge people to take ...
Changes needed to how vibrio infections reported - Victoria Advocate
Changes needed to how vibrio infections reported
The agencies involved appear to be communicating about suspected cases of vibrio because Friday the state health department issued an advisory about the 27 reported cases in Texas, although the advisory did not break down where the cases had ...
Galveston health officials respond to Vibrio case
Texas Beach Advisories About Vibrio
Family beach day turns into horrific nightmare for Texas man
Another Vibrio vulnificus case is registered in Texas - Pulse Headlines
Another Vibrio vulnificus case is registered in Texas
The Dallas Morning News reported that Adrian Ortiz from Buda, Texas, was diagnosed with vibrio vulnificus which is a very aggressive bacteria that lives in warm seawater. Ortiz was the second man diagnosed with the problem last week as Brian Parrot had ...
Explained: flesh eating bacteria in the Gulf of Mexico - Houston Chronicle
Explained: flesh eating bacteria in the Gulf of Mexico
The Vibrio family loves the mucky bottom of warm, semi-salty standing water, like coastal bays and the mouths of rivers. It's been found across the world, but few places seem more like home to Vibrio than the marshy coast of southeast Texas and Louisiana.
Hong Kong reports two Vibrio vulnificus necrotizing fasciitis cases in June - Outbreak News Today
Outbreak News Today
Hong Kong reports two Vibrio vulnificus necrotizing fasciitis cases in June
Outbreak News Today
While here in the states there has been a lot of coverage of the two Texas men who contracted very serious Vibrio vulnificus infections in recent weeks, Hong Kong health officials reported two sporadic cases of necrotizing fasciitis since the second ...
Vibrio attacks man's leg - Victoria Advocate
Vibrio attacks man's leg
Reese Hart's ankle is red and swollen after being infected by the Vibrio bacteria after fishing in Port O'Connor on Sunday. How to avoid Vibrio infections. Do not eat raw oysters or shellfish. Cook food thoroughly. Do not handle raw seafood of ...
Discussing the Latest Case of Vibrio along our Texas Coast - KIII TV3
Discussing the Latest Case of Vibrio along our Texas Coast
No cases of the flesh-eating bacteria have been reported yet. Dr. VJ warned Three News First Edition viewers to not get too comfortable. Visiting with Ms. Coastal Bend 2016 - Ms. Henri Mae Tillis · Visiting with Ms. Coastal Bend 2016 - Ms. Henri Mae ...
|Strain annotated in NMPDR||Genome size, bp||Protein Encoding Genes (PEGs)||Named genes in subsystems||Named genes not in subsystems||Hypothetical genes in subsystems||Hypothetical genes not in subsystems||Subsystems||RNAs|
|Vibrio alginolyticus 12G01||5,160,431||4,489||1747(39.1%)||1662(37.2%)||56(1.3%)||1008(22.5%)||318||180|
|Vibrio angustum S14||5,101,447||4,381||1790(39.1%)||1660(36.3%)||56(1.2%)||1068(23.3%)||304||340|
|Vibrio cholerae 1587||4,137,501||3,270||1521(45.0%)||1166(34.5%)||48(1.4%)||644(19.1%)||331||232|
|Vibrio cholerae 2740-80||3,945,478||3,179||1494(45.7%)||1119(34.2%)||50(1.5%)||605(18.5%)||327||179|
|Vibrio cholerae AM-19226||4,056,157||3,226||1531(45.8%)||1157(34.6%)||51(1.5%)||601(18.0%)||330||232|
|Vibrio cholerae MAK 757||3,917,446||3,181||1553(47.2%)||1134(34.5%)||49(1.5%)||553(16.8%)||331||214|
|Vibrio cholerae MO10||4,024,286||3,445||1682(48.7%)||1101(31.9%)||66(1.9%)||607(17.6%)||352||113|
|Vibrio cholerae MZO-3||4,146,039||3,189||1499(45.7%)||1147(35.0%)||51(1.6%)||584(17.8%)||326||190|
|Vibrio cholerae NRT36s||4,204,651||4,435||1826(43.1%)||1474(34.8%)||70(1.7%)||864(20.4%)||344||56|
|Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar eltor str. N16961||4,033,464||3,908||1840(44.0%)||1216(29.1%)||68(1.6%)||1059(25.3%)||374||168|
|Vibrio cholerae O395||4,132,319||3,346||1640(47.3%)||1142(32.9%)||56(1.6%)||630(18.2%)||353||247|
|Vibrio fischeri ES114||4,284,050||3,799||1917(48.1%)||1204(30.2%)||49(1.2%)||813(20.4%)||358||314|
|Vibrio fischeri MJ11||4,478,154||3,932||1493(36.6%)||1576(38.6%)||37(0.9%)||973(23.9%)||266||262|
|Vibrio harveyi ATCC BAA-1116||6,058,377||4,250||1702(39.9%)||1740(40.8%)||40(0.9%)||780(18.3%)||336||194|
|Vibrio parahaemolyticus RIMD 2210633||5,165,770||4,867||2100(41.7%)||1572(31.2%)||77(1.5%)||1289(25.6%)||382||188|
|Vibrio sp. Ex25||4,839,877||4,239||1826(43.0%)||1434(33.7%)||76(1.8%)||914(21.5%)||357||135|
|Vibrio sp. MED222||4,891,901||4,301||1918(43.3%)||1358(30.7%)||56(1.3%)||1093(24.7%)||356||150|
|Vibrio splendidus 12B01||5,596,386||4,933||1944(38.6%)||1663(33.1%)||59(1.2%)||1364(27.1%)||363||123|
|Vibrio vulnificus CMCP6||5,126,798||4,515||1975(42.7%)||1575(34.0%)||69(1.5%)||1010(21.8%)||376||244|
|Vibrio vulnificus YJ016||5,260,086||4,929||2037(40.0%)||1496(29.4%)||68(1.3%)||1492(29.3%)||383||164|